The Chinese Crested Dog is known as a hairless breed of dog. This is one of the most elegant and graceful dog breeds. You may think that hairless dog means you will be maintenance freed, this is not the case. Discover what are the many traits of this breed and if Chinese Crested Dog might be your next best friend.
Real name: Chinese Crested Dog
Other names: Hairless Chinese Crested Dog, Crested, Puff
Breed type: Companion Dogs
Weight:10–13 lb (4.5–5.9 kg)
Height: 11-13 (27.94-33.02)
Lifespan: 13-15 years
Color: Any color
Coat: Hairless: Long on head, feet and tail/Powder puff: Long
Chinese Crested Dog: History
The Chinese Crested dog is one of the oldest dog breeds still alive. The earliest found records go back to 1800s, while experts believe that the breed is even older.
With this old breed, we can only make numerous assumptions about how this breed was created. Therefore, there are strong beliefs that in ancient times large hairless dogs from Africa were brought to China, where after generations of breeding this breed was reduced in size. Back in the days, Chinese Crested dogs traveled the seas.
These dogs were gladly seen in ships, as they served as shipboard exterminators and expert at catching disease-bearing rats. So, they were traded among sailors in seaports around the world, and along the way, they got the name ‘Chinese Ship Dog’.
Chinese Crested dogs traveled everywhere, including South Africa, Turkey, and Egypt, and in each place, a variation of the dog was cultivated. That being said, no wonder that small hairless dogs were distributed all over the world, in port towns of Africa, Asia, South, and Central America.
When it comes to the States, the Crested got there thanks to two women, Debra Woods (breeder) and Ida Garrett (journalist). They promoted the breed for several decades, starting in the 1880s. Ida promoted it through its writing and Debra through her breeding program.The very first American Chinese Crested Club was formed in 1979, and in 1991 the breed was recognized by AKC.
Among many popular names and nicknames through history, the breed was also named ‘Dr. Seuss Dog’, because of a strong resemblance to the creatures who populate the books of the beloved author-illustrator.
Chinese Crested Dog: Physical Appearance
The Chinese Crested dog is a toy dog, elegant, and fine-boned. There are two types of Chinese Crested:
- The Hairless – has hair only on the head, tail, and feet.
- The Powderpuff – this type is completely covered with hair.
There are no other major differences when it comes to this breed. Interestingly, two distinct varieties can be born in the same Chinese crested litter. The size of the breed makes it perfect for a playful and loving companion. Therefore, they ideally are 11 to 13 inches, although they may be smaller or larger.
Overall, they are fine-boned and slender, with a heavy structure meaning that they are not too sensitive. When it comes to their coat it differs from Hairless to Powderpuff style.
Hairless Chinese Crested
When it comes to the coat of the Hairless type, they have hair on certain portions of the body:
- the head (called a crest)
- the tail (called a plume)
- and the feet (called socks)
The texture of the hair is silky and soft, flowing to any length. Areas that are covered with hair usually taper off slightly, so wherever the body is hairless, the skin is smooth and soft.
Powderpuff Chinese Crested
Powderpuff type is completely covered with a double soft and silky coat. If you take a closer look you will see that a long thin guard hair lies over the short silky undercoat. Overall, the coat is straight, of medium length and density. Heavy, curly, or kinky coat is not accessible in the shows. Overall, Chinese Crested dog can have any color, but they will always have the same small size and built.
Chinese Crested Dog: Personality
The Chinese Crested is a combination of gentle sensitive companion and playful pixie. He is devoted to his family and every family member. They have a strong willingness to please. Besides, the breed is great when it comes to other pets including other dogs.
They are also great with strangers (but it doesn’t mean that they will accept them immediately), although they are highly alert. The Chinese Crested is an excellent companion and is extremely intelligent. Therefore, you won’t get immediately a well-disciplined dog, but you will have to work with him to create one.
He will bark to protect his home. Some also love to sing or to howl. Their temperament is usually affected by several factors, including socialization, training, and heredity. Always try to meet at least one of the parents – usually, the mother is available – to ensure that your dog will have a nice temperament that you’re comfortable with.
Like every other dog, Chinese Crested needs proper and early socialization. Socialization will help you ensure that your Chinese Crested puppy grew up to be a well-rounded dog.
Chinese Crested Dog: Living With
The Chinese crested is a loving and lively dog who make perfect lap heater. This dog will be fine living in a colder or hotter area, as long as you take proper care of his skin. He needs to be protected from extremes of temperature, both cold and hot.
You will have to take care of this dog regardless of its hairless body. This breed is also great with city life as long as you training him and socialize properly.
Chinese Crested Dog: Children And Other Pets
It’s better if you have older children around your Chinese Crested because younger children tend to pick him, pull his tail or try to pick him up. Therefore, it’s crucial to educate your children on how they should act when they are dogs and to leave him alone when he is eating (not to disturb him during that period) or sleeping, or to try to take the dog’s food away. After all, no matter how friendly the dog might be he shouldn’t ever be left alone with any dog.
Crested is also amazing when it comes to sharing their time and living space with other pets.
Chinese Crested Dog: Grooming
People usually believe that the hairless variation of the Chinese Crested requires a little or no grooming. However, this type still has some hair, although the body center is completely hairless.
He has hair on the head, tail and his feet. But the majority of his skin is exposed, meaning that Crested is prone to skin irritations, sunburn, and allergies. He should be groomed carefully, next to a skin treatment that is specially designed for his skin type. Therefore, for this skin type, sunscreen, and acne lotions are mandatory to maintain a healthy pet.
On the other hand, when it comes to the Powderpuff version, he needs to be brushed daily to maintain his fluffy coat that is different than the coat of the other dogs. The undercoat is always shorter than the longer overlay, which is the opposite of most haired breeds. Therefore, they are easy to brush, while the coat can mat quickly.
Chinese Crested Dog: Training
The Chinese Crested loves to spend time with his owner. Therefore, this instantly makes him a great candidate for competitive sports such as flyball, agility, and obedience.
Chinese Crested Dogs are also great therapy dogs. However, they have to be trained well if you want to get the most from this breed. Training has to be done carefully. This breed has a very sensitive nature and must be trained with gentle patience. Any form of negative actions or harsh words can damage the relationship with the dog to the point that he will not be interested in learning anything from you.
Chinese Crested Dog: Exercise Needs
The Chinese Crested might be a small dog, but it doesn’t mean that he doesn’t need daily exercises. In general, this breed will be satisfied with daily short walks or play-sessions in the backyard. Don’t forget to apply cream on dog’s skin when you are going to exercise outdoors.
They love being outdoors and they are very competitive when it comes to canine sports. Thanks to their size they can even have indoor training with a proper set of toys and space big enough, for rainy days.
Chinese Crested Dog: Health
If you are dealing with a responsible breeder you will know the health state of your Crested immediately, because all necessary check-ups will be already performed. The most common health issue in this breed are eyes problems, including progressive retinal atrophy, primary lens luxation, and glaucoma. Also, epilepsy can be seen in this breed occasionally. Slipped stifles, or patellar luxation will affect Crested, as it does most small breeds. Legg-Calve-Perthes disease has no DNA test to screen parents, but it does sometimes show up on X-ray.
Recommended Health Tests from the National Breed Club:
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
- Patella Evaluation
- Cardiac Exam
- PRA-RCD3 DNA Tes
- PLL DNA Test
Chinese Crested Dog: Nutrition
Overall, dog’s health should always be supported with proper nutrition for dog’s health. High-quality dog food should always be chosen based on your dog’s size and age.
When it comes to Chinese Crested nutrition it’s the best to go for food that’s originally formulated for small or toy breeds with all necessary nutrient for the breed. Also, some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so you should be strict about dog calories and weight level. Traits should be a daily snack, especially while you are training your Chinese Crested. Just make sure that you don’t give him too much, as it may lead to obesity.
Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. This knowledge will empower you to avoid table scraps. If you are in any way, for any reason, concerned about the dog’s weight check with your veterinarian.
Frequently Asked Questions On Chinese Crested Dog
1. Do Chinese Crested Dogs Bark?
Chinese Cresteds demands a significant amount of owners time and love. Simply said, they have a high need for their humans. Therefore, they don’t like being left alone for more than a few hours. Otherwise, they may become destructive and anxious, which often results in destructive barking and chewing. So, if you work all day, this is not the breed for you.
2. What Is The Lifespan Of A Chinese Crested Dog?
The smaller the dog, the higher the longevity, The Chinese Crested in general lives between 13 to 15 years.
3. Do Chinese Crested Dogs Smell?
This breed is extremely clean, with no specific doggie odor. But, they are prone to ticks and fleas. Also, the exposed skin demands special care to prevent skin irritations and problems. Also, if you are dressing up your Crested during the windy and cold winter days (which is highly recommended) make sure that you avoid wool and lanolin because many Chinese Cresteds are allergic to this material.
4. Can Chinese Crested Dogs Swim?
Long story short, yes. Chinese Cresteds is the only dog with sweat glands and can cool down without panting. This breed can learn to swim, but most of them don’t enjoy the water actually and will stay away if possible.
5. Do You Have To Shave Chinese Crested?
The breed standard allows the ears to be shaved clean or left natural but depending on the dog’s coat. In general, dogs with sparse hair or drop ears are usually shaved.