7 Types of Chihuahua: From Teacup To Big Chihuahua

Did you know that there is more than one Chihuahua type? In this article, we will present (with pictures) seven common Chihuahua types.

Chihuahua is one of the most popular small-size breeds, but did you know that there are seven different types of Chihuahua?

Each Chihuahua type has unique body traits that are easy to recognize when you know what to search for.

Let’s elaborate on this one further.

Types of Chihuahuas

Chihuahuas are popular city dogs, due to their size. These small size dogs are compact, easy to move around, and easy to groom.

All in all, they are great apartment dogs. Chihuahuas usually have between 6 to 9 inches and 3 to 6 pounds.

Even larger Chihuahuas should not exceed these size parameters, although deer head Chihuahuas can weigh up to 10-12 Ibs.

Although there are different types of Chihuahuas, technically there is only one breed of Chihuahua.

Breeding standards among several dog kennels, like American Kennel Club are talking about two versions of Chihuahuas:

  • short-coated (short-haired Chihuahuas)
  • long-coated (long-haired Chihuahuas)

Therefore, the term ‘types of Chihuahuas’ talks about differences in the dog’s head shape, coat length, and head shape.

These differences are minor, but they do provide some measuring standards when selecting a dog from various Chihuahua types.

Different Types of Chihuahuas

Generally speaking, this toy breed has 7 types (breeds):

  • Smooth-Coat Chihuahua
  • Long-Coat Chihuahua
  • Apple Head Chihuahua
  • Deer Head Chihuahua
  • Teacup Chihuahua
  • Fawn Chihuahua
  • Hairless Chihuahua

Chihuahuas are described as charming, sassy, and graceful.

According to AKC Breed Popularity Chihuahua ranks 30 of 193. Although, this small dog falls under the group of ‘ toy group’ dogs, not in any circumstances this intelligence should be treated like one.

This tiny dog with a huge personality is usually around 6 pounds and has an average height of 5-8 inches.

Chihuahua is a national symbol of Mexico and stands among the oldest breeds of the Americas.

Scientists claim that their lineage goes back to the ancient kingdom of pre-Columbian times. Their life expectancy is between 14-16 years.

Now, let’s learn more about different Chihuahua types and see what is the difference between them.

1. Smooth-Coat Chihuahua

When someone says Chihuahua, this is the most common type that people envision. Short-haired, small size dog of big eyes and erect ears – classical Chihuahua look.

Smooth-coat Chihuahua comes with really short coat that is easy to groom. Brushing this dog once a week should be enough to keep your Chihuahua well-groomed.

Does short coat in dogs means no shedding? No, all dogs shed, just some small size dogs shed less than others. All dogs have dender. However, you can expect minimal shedding.

In addition to its low maintenance, this short coat Chihuahua needs a bath from time to time. Smooth-Coat Chihuahuas are also known as Short Hair Chihuahuas.

2. Long-Coat Chihuahua

This long-coated Chihuahua is recognized by dog kennels. Their hair length varies, as well as their coat color.

What is great about this time is the fact that although they are long-haired types, they actually do not shed a lot. However, regular maintenance, like grooming and combing is mandatory. Trimming is not mandatory.

Long-coated Chihuahua has a soft and smooth coat that just love being touched. Their hair is similar to velvet in texture.

Their coat takes between three or more years to grow to its full length. This long-hair coat is seen in deer Chihuahuas and apple Chihuahuas.

Although trimming is not mandatory, daily brushing is. If you start neglecting those needs effects on dogs can be extremely negative. This dog is a favorite mostly among dog lovers who love dog competitions.

Long-coat Chihuahuas are often called Long-haired Chihuahuas.

Good to know: Long-coat Chihuahuas are often described as small size dogs that look like foxes

3. Apple Head Chihuahua

This dog got its name thanks to its apple-shaped head.

This Chihuahua type is also one of the most typical dogs that one can have as a four-legged pet.

Did you know that in dog shows a Chihuahua having a well-rounded apple-shaped head is the number one requirement to be considered as an authentic Chihuahua?

This type is smaller compared to a deer head Chihuahua, but they do have a diverse coat in color like the rest of Chihuahuas, and color varies from one dog to another.

Apple Head Chihuahuas are known for suffering from hydrocephalus, and that’s the main reason why their heads are bigger but still proportioned to their bodies.

One more characteristic trait for them is having eyes that look like they are ‘going out from their sockets’. If you are planning on getting this dog make sure to check if it has hydrocephalus.

The top part of their skull is broad and round, which is a little submerged in as in an apple.

A unique attribute with apple head Chihuahuas is a thing called molera or fontanel which is basically like the soft place that is seen on the head of infants.

Apple heads come with short snouts which leads to a raised threat of being stricken with illness. However, a proper nutrition plan can remove these issues.

4. Deer Head Chihuahua

When it comes to popularity, deer hear Chihuahua is right behind apple head Chihuahua. This type is unique thanks to its deer-shaped head. Also, its uniqueness is seen in longer legs.

This Chihuahua type is not seen in dog competitions, mostly because its head is not acceptable in dog shows.

This type is gladly seen in pet owners’ homes either as a pet or as a breeding dog by some breeders.

One of the best traits of this dog is seen in his health background, as it comes with an incredibly strong and healthy background. When compared with its apple-head cousin this Chihuahua comes with fewer problems.

Deer head Chihuahuas are known for having a head that’s similar to a young deer’s face, but its face is longer when compared with the apple heads.

Their bodies are generally longer and they are based on many different proprietors, and they are not considered to be the best prospects for dog shows.

5. Teacup Chihuahua

Teacup Chihuahua is a miniature dog whose height is nine inches and weighs less than five pounds. Teacup Chihuahua looks and acts like its bigger Chihuahua cousins.

This is a very fragile dog thanks to its small size and it is extremely easy for them to end up hurt or traumatized, so proper and early training is crucial.

Also, bear in mind that the Teacup Chihuahua can officially be named like that only when it reaches its full size as an adult. if the dog outgrew its height and weight requirements it’s no longer a Teacup Chihuahua.

Unethical breeders are known for selling premature puppies as teacup dogs. That can lead to many problems like trauma that can be left on a puppy is taken from its mother too early. Always choose to deal only with responsible dog breeders.

Plus, it’s a huge trauma for the mother. Some of the problems that teacup Chihuahuas might have are:

  • Ectrodactyly (split hand/split foot malformation)
  • Trisomy (born with XXX sex chromosome rather than the normal XX, down syndrome)
  • Heart Problems
  • Hypoglycemia (see: How to recognize, treat and prevent Hypoglycemia)
  • Very large and open soft spot on the skull (soft spots are normal, not very large ones)
  • Seizures like panting and shaking
  • Collapsing trachea (see What is backward sneezing)
  • Blindness
  • Limb deformities
  • Digestive problems
  • Respiratory problems

Taking a puppy from its mother leads to many social problems as well as health problems.

6. Fawn Chihuahua aka “Big Chihuahua”

Fawn Chihuahua stands for several types of Chihuahua. It’s not a breed. They are standard in height and sizes, just they are always in fawn color.

Fawn is a color very common for little Chihuahua and they come in several varieties like a sable fawn and blue fawn.

Fawn is the number one color for these little furry dogs and if you hear that someone is talking about fawn Chihuahua, they’re simply talking about its coat.

Lately, people are talking a lot about pear-headed Chihuahuas that are relatively young and unfamiliar. This type of Chihuahua is the most unpopular Chihuahua type and also an unknown type.

Pear-headed Chihuahua is least desirable when compared with an apple-headed and a deer-headed Chihuahua.

This type has flat skulls and larger and longer muzzles.

These Chihuahuas are bigger when compared to others and it’s mostly thanks to reproduction between deer head Chihuahuas and apple head Chihuahuas.

7. Hairless Chihuahua

Hairless Chihuahua is not a real type of Chihuahua.

Rather, the hairless version of the Mexican toy dog is often the result of over breeding Chihuahuas to get the dog of a certain color type.

However, since people started loving the hairless Chihuahua dog, some breeders have dedicated their work to only breeding Chihuahuas with no hair at all.

This semi-type of Chihuahua is surely a better option for allergic people and requires less grooming, but it is very rare to find.

Read also: Rare Hairless Dog Breeds

Chihuahua Mixes

Chihuahua can be bred with a huge variety of other dogs without any issue or problems.

While there might only be one authentic breed of the Chihuahua, there’s an extremely huge variety in that breed.

For example, did you know that American Bullhuahua is actually a mix between Chihuahua and American Bulldog?

There are more than 20 different mixes of Chihuahuas out there, while the most common are:

  • Chiweenie
  • Chigi
  • Chizer
  • Pomchi
  • Cheenese
  • Chug


Regardless of what Chihuahua dog you choose from the variety of Chihuahuas be sure to respect your dog’s needs and to value your dog above everything else, regardless of its side.

Chihuahuas are known for being intelligent, fun, and extremely attached to its owner. The same applies to Chihuahua mixes as well – they are all fun, exciting, and above all lovable dogs.

No matter what type of Chihuahua you have or you are about to include in your family, be sure that you will get an exceptional pet and above all, a loveable companion who can stand being left alone for a few hours.

Also, don’t be fooled by their size. Although, Chihuahuas are suitable to be great city-living pets, make sure that your dog needs regular exercise and regular attention.

Otherwise, your small furry buddy can get bored, overweight, or even both. And unhappy Chihuahua can easily become an unhappy and an aggressive dog.

Do not forget that a small dog is still a big responsibility.

Frequently Asked Questions On Different Chihuahua Types

1. What Is The Rarest Breed Of Chihuahua?

As mentioned in the article there is only one official Chihuahua breed. However, the rarest color or variety of Chihuahua is white.

Seeing a white, or albino, Chihuahua is uncommon, and both are the result of a lack of pigmentation. Other rare colors include solid black, brindle, and lilac.

2. What Is The Most Common Coat Color In Chihuahua?

The most common coat color in Chihuahuas is fawn. Like other fawn dogs, fawn Chihuahuas may have markings of different colors, and will usually go from classic brown to reddish brown.

3. What Two Dog Breeds Make A Chihuahua?

Many believe that Chihuahua is a cross between Techichi and a breed similar to the Chinese Crested. Techichi is an ancient and extinct breed of small size, similar to the size of Chihuahua today.

4. What Is The Most Popular Chihuahua Mix?

Chiweenie is the most popular Chihuahua mix. This new breed is a mix between Chihuahua and Dachshund. This hybrid dog is known for being friendly, easy to train, and great to groom with an adorable personality, and strong affection toward people.

5. How Do I Know If My Chihuahua Is Purebred?

In most cases, having papers on a dog should be a clear indicator that your dog is purebred.

Responsible breeders will always have their puppies registered with major organizations, such as AKC, and reputable kennel clubs will have a serious and in-depth investigation on potential dog owners.

In other words, no responsible dog breeder will hand you over a puppy in a matter of seconds.