People are often wrong when they say that there is just one Chihuahua. One breed and one type. But that’s not the case as there are many different Chihuahua types out there.
The biggest misconception that leads to this conclusion is the fact that all Chihuahuas look alike. There are several types of Chihuahua and each one is unique.
To anyone who has ever owned a Chihuahua knows that they are not that look-alike as it may seem at first glance. However, there are some varieties and several distinct. Each one of them has very different and specific markers that are super-easy to pick out once you reach that Chihuahua world.
Types of Chihuahuas
If you are kind of a dog lover who wants a specific dog for specific reasons that knowing the different types of Chihuahuas is ‘a must.’ On the other hand, if you are just passionate about having a Chihuahua any type will suit you. But, still, it is better to know at least some basic specifications of this small dog.
After all, there are Chihuahuas with short hair and Chihuahuas with long hair. Technically speaking, there is only one type of Chihuahuas.
Breeding standards among several dog kennels, like American Kennel Club are talking about two version of Chihuahuas: short-coated (short haired Chihuahuas) and long-coated (long haired Chihuahuas).
Therefore, the term ‘types of Chihuahuas’ talks about differences in the dog’s head shape, coat length, and head shape.
These differences are minor, but they do provide some measuring standards when selecting a dog from various Chihuahua types.
Different Types of Chihuahuas
Generally speaking, this toy breed has 7 types (breeds):
- Smooth-Coat Chihuahua
- Long-Coat Chihuahua
- Apple Head Chihuahua
- Deer Head Chihuahua
- Teacup Chihuahua
- Fawn Chihuahua
- Hairless Chihuahua
Chihuahuas are described as being charming, sassy, and graceful. According to AKC Breed Popularity Chihuahua ranks 30 of 193. Although, this small dog falls under the group of ‘toy group’ dogs, not in any circumstances this intelligence should be treated like one.
This tiny dog with a huge personality is usually 1 to 3kg (6 pounds) and has an average height of (15 to 23cm) 5-8 inches. This alert dog is a national symbol of Mexico and stands among the oldest breeds of the Americas. Scientists claim that their lineage goes back to the ancient kingdom of pre-Columbian times. Their life expectancy is between 14-16 years.
1. Smooth-Coat Chihuahua
When someone says Chihuahua, this is the most common image that would relate to this breed. The hair of this dog is short, shedding is minimal and combing and grooming are not demanding.
There is shedding but due to its compact body it’s doesn’t require more than a once-a-week brushing. This is officially one of the most recognized Chihuahua breeds.
In addition to its low maintenance, this short coat Chihuahua needs a bath from time to time. Smooth-coat Chihuahua comes in different colors and it can be a deer head Chihuahua or an apple head Chihuahua.
Smooth-Coat Chihuahuas are also known as Short Hair Chihuahua.
2. Long-Coat Chihuahua
This self-explanatory name talks about another Chihuahua type. This long-coat dog is recognized by dog kennels. Their hair length varies, as well as their coat color.
What is great about this time is the fact that although they are long-haired types, they actually do not shed a lot. However, regular maintenance, like grooming and combing is mandatory. Trimming is not mandatory.
Long-Coat Chihuahua has a soft and smooth coat that just loves being touched. Their hair is similar to velvet in texture. Their coat takes between three or more years to grow to its full length. This long-hair coat is seen in deer Chihuahua and apple Chihuahua.
Although trimming is not mandatory, daily brushing is. If you start neglecting those needs effects on dogs can be extremely negative. This dog is a favorite mostly among dog lovers who love dog competitions.
Long-Coat Chihuahuas are often called Long-Haired Chihuahuas.
3. Apple Head Chihuahua
This dog got its name thanks to its apple-shaped head.
This dog is also one of the most typical dogs that one can have as a four-legged pet. Furthermore, in dog shows a Chihuahua having a well-rounded apple-shaped head is the number one requirement to be considered as an authentic Chihuahua.
This dog is smaller compared to a deer head Chihuahua, but they do have a diverse coat in color like the rest of Chihuahuas, and color varies from one dog to another.
Apple Head Chihuahuas are known for suffering from hydrocephalus, and that’s the main reason why their heads are bigger but still proportioned to their bodies.
One more characteristic sign for them is having eyes that look like they are ‘going out’ from their sockets. If you are planning on getting this dog make sure to check if it has hydrocephalus.
The top part of their skull is broad and round, which is a little submerged in as in an apple.
A unique attribute with apple head Chihuahuas is a thing called molera or fontanel which is basically like the soft place that is seen on the head of infants.
Apple heads come with short snouts which leads to a raised threat of being stricken with illness. However, a proper nutrition plan can remove these issues.
4. Deer Head Chihuahua
When it comes to popularity, deer hear Chihuahua is right behind apple head Chihuahua. This type is unique thanks to its deer-shaped head. Also, its uniqueness is seen in longer legs. This dog is not seen in dogs competitions, mostly because its head is not acceptable in dog show communities.
Nevertheless, this dog is gladly seen in pet owners’ homes either as a pet or as a breeding dog by some breeders.
One of the best traits with this dog is seen in his health background, as it comes with an incredibly strong and healthy background. When compared with its apple-head cousin this Chihuahua comes with fewer problems.
Deer head Chihuahuas are known for having a head that’s similar to a young deer face, but its face is longer when compared with the apple heads. Their bodies are generally longer and they are based on many different proprietors, and they are not considered to be the best prospects for dog shows.
5. Teacup Chihuahua
Teacup Chihuahua is a miniature dog whose height is nine inches and weighs less than five pounds. Teacup Chihuahua looks and acts like its bigger Chihuahua cousins.
This is a very fragile dog thanks to its small size and it is extremely easy for them to end up hurt or traumatized, so proper and early training is crucial.
Also, bear in mind that the Teacup Chihuahua can officially be named like that only when it reaches its full size as an adult. if the dog outgrew its height and weight requirements it’s no longer a Teacup Chihuahua.
Unethical breeders are known for selling premature puppies as teacup dogs. That can lead to many problems like a trauma that can be left on a puppy is taken from mother too early.
Plus, its a huge trauma for mother. Some of the problems that these puppies can have are:
- Ectrodactyly (split hand/split foot malformation)
- Trisomy (born with XXX sex chromosome rather than the normal XX, down syndrome)
- Heart Problems
- Hypoglycemia (see: How to recognize, treat and prevent Hypoglycemia)
- Very large and open soft spot on the skull (soft spots are normal, not very large ones)
- Seizures like panting and shaking
- Collapsing trachea (see What is backward sneezing)
- Limb deformities
- Digestive problems
- Respiratory problems
Taking a puppy from its mother leads to many social problems as well as health problems.
6. Fawn Chihuahua aka “Big Chihuahua”
Fawn Chihuahua stands for several types of Chihuahua. It’s not a breed. They are standard in height and sizes, just they are always in fawn color. Fawn is a color very common for little Chihuahua’s and they come in several varieties like a sable fawn and blue fawn. Fawn is a number one color for these little furry dogs and if you hear that someone is talking about fawn Chihuahua, they’re simply talking about its coat.
Lately, people are talking a lot about pear-headed Chihuahuas that are relatively young and unfamiliar. This type of Chihuahua is the most unpopular Chihuahua type and also an unknown type.
Pear-headed Chihuahua is least desirable when compared with an apple-headed and a deer-headed Chihuahua.
This type has flat skulls and larger and longer muzzles. These Chihuahuas are bigger when compared to others and it’s mostly thanks to reproduction between deer head Chihuahuas and apple head Chihuahuas.
7. Hairless Chihuahua
Hairless Chihuahua is not a real type of Chihuahua. Rather, the hairless version of the Mexican toy dog is often the result of over breeding Chihuahuas to get the dog of a certain color type. However, since people started loving the hairless Chihuahua dog, some breeders have dedicated their work to only breeding Chihuahuas with no hair at all.
This semi-type of Chihuahua is surely a better option for allergic people and requires less grooming, but it is very rare to find.
Read also: Rare Hairless Dog Breeds
Chihuahua can be bred with a huge variety of other dogs without any issue or problems. While there might only be one authentic breed of the Chihuahua, there’s an extremely huge variety in that breed.
Regardless of what Chihuahua dog you choose from the variety of Chihuahuas be sure to respect your dog’s needs and to value your dog above everything else, regardless of its side.
Chihuahuas are known for being intelligent, fun, and extremely attached to its owner. The same applies to Chihuahua mixes as well – they are all fun, exciting, and above all lovable dogs.
No matter what type of Chihuahua you have or you are about to include in your family, be sure that you will get an exceptional pet and above all, a loveable companion who can stand being left alone for a few hours. Treated we, any Chihuahua will be an important addition to your family.
Also, don’t be fooled by their size. Although, Chihuahuas are suitable to be great city-living pets, make sure that your dog needs regular exercise and regular attention. Otherwise, your small furry buddy can get bored, overweight, or even both. And unhappy Chihuahua can easily become an aggressive dog. A small dog is still a big responsibility. Chihuahuas are little dogs with interesting traits and nice energy that will make a very good pet.