Bearded Collie – Full Breed Profile

Dog Breed Group:
Herding Dogs
20 to 22 inches tall at the shoulder
45 to 55 pounds
Life Span:
12 to 14 years

Breed Characteristics:

Apartment Friendly


Good For First-Time Owners


Overall Sensitivity


Tolerates Being Alone


Affectionate With Family




Friendly Toward Other Dogs


Friendly Toward Strangers


Drooling Level


Easy To Groom


Overall Health


Prone To Obesity


Trainabilty Level


Intelligence Level


Prey Drive


Barking Level


Energy Level


Exercise Needs


Playfulness Level


Bearded Collie is a bright dog with a fun-loving personality that charms everyone around him. This is a lively and witted breed, with a strong activity level and need to exercise.

Smart and charismatic, the Bearded Collie is a member of the herding group.

Herding is something that still does, although they are mostly full-time pets.

When treated right, fed with high-quality food, and kept in a happy and healthy environment this breed can live up to 14 years.

Quick Facts

Real name: Bearded Collie
Other names: Highland Collie, Mountain Collie, Hairy Mou’ed Collie
Common Nickname: Beardie
Origin: Scotland
Breed type: Herding Dog
Weight: 45-55 pounds
Height: 21-22 inches (male), 20-21 inches (female)
Lifespan: 12 – 14 years
Litter Size: 4-12 pups
Color: Black, blue, brown, or fawn with white or tan markings
Coat: Long double coat with furnishings

Bearded Collie History

Bearded Collie is most likely from the central European Magyar Komondor or Lowland Polish Sheepdog. Various records show that far back in 1515 two Lowland Polish Sheepdogs were brought to Scotland by Polish traders.

These dogs strongly resembled the dogs that they are today known as Bearded Collies.

Still, this is not something that anyone has managed to confirm so far. Hard evidence on the breed was found in the early nineteenth century when the first description of the breed was published.

These dogs were very active and spend the entire day herding sheep and other cattle over rough terrain and the cold Scottish areas.

After the Victorian era, this breed gained favor as a show dog, only to be used for work after Worl War I. They were busy herding and helping people rebuild tehir farms.

During this period, breeders and fanciers of the breed managed to bring some dogs to England and from there to America. In 1977, the AKC officially recognized the breed.

Bearded Collie Physical Appearance

The Bearded Collie is a breed that is easy to recognize thanks to his shaggy hair. The entire body is covered with a long and shaggy coat, from head to powerfully muscled thighs.

This is a well-balanced dog when it comes to appearance. The head is alwasy in proportion to the rest of the body, with a nose that is square in shape.

Eyes are expressive and large, and always the identical tone as the coat. Ears are medium size and covered in long hair.

Teeth are strong and come in a scissors bite. Their tail is usually covered with hair that is set low in their body, while the breed has a powerful gait.

The coat is double with a soft and furry undercoat. The length and density of the coat are enough to provide a protective coat. As for the dog shows coat of Beardie shoulD never be trimmed.

The coat increases in length towards the chest, forming the typical beard of the breed. Beardies are born either blue, black, fawn, or brown, with or without white markings.

As they get older, the coat color may lighten, so that black – for example, becomes gray or silver. Pigmentation on the Bearded Collie follows coat color.

Bearded Collie Personality

Beardies are known for being witty and lively. They are smart, active, and can be stubborn when they want. They will also show some independent traits that might surprise you.

This is a highly athletic breed that will demand an experienced owner and a proper training process.

They love working, so you can always think about participating in some dog sports such as herding and agility.

As with any other active breed, if your Beardie doesn’t receive enoguh exercise and attention he might easily develop some bad habits.

When feeling neglected, Berdie might bark, dig, or chew on something.

They may be too active for small children and may nip the heels of running children as if the children were sheep.

This is nothing unusual because this is a herding dog and herding-related actions are deep-set in their genetics.

This is why it’s important to educate your children on how to behave around dogs. Teach them not to disturb dogs while eating, drinking water, or sleeping.

All in, children should know when the dog is resting not to disturb him.

Living With Bearded Collie

All dogs are foodies, but Bearded Collies are passionate choosy eaters. This wouldn’t be much of a surprise if this breed wasn’t so active.

Beardie will demand a good and balanced diet, with occasional treats. Too many treats can lead to obesity, which is already a huge problem across the States.

They thrive on human companionship and when having work to do.

This doesn’t mean that spending time with your Berdie is enough to make him a well-behaved canine citizen. No, next to this you will have to provide proper training and early socialization.

They will bark at every newcomer, while only a few of them will be shy. This dog will demand a fair amount of time when it comes to grooming.

Some owners choose to shave their Bearded Collies to make brushing and overall grooming easier and faster, but they do look a bit silly without their distinguished coat.

Bearded Collie Training

Just like with any other dog breed, proper training is mandatory to have a well-behaved dog.

This breed requires an experienced dog owner, who knows how to handle independent and active dogs.

Early socialization should be imperative because it starts as soon as you get your dog.

Once the puppy vaccination is completed, you should start exposing yoru dog to new surroundings, people, smells, and other animals, especially dogs.

Bear in mind that dog parks are off-limits until your veterinarian approves them.

When you come across another dog during your walk, just inform the owner that your dog is on the regime of receiving the vaccine and that dogs should be close at the moment.

Puppy-proof your home and provide enough toys. Dogs can be trained when eight weeks old, and this is a great period to start with basic commands training and form a well-behaved dog.

If you feel that training your Beardie is too much, think about hiring a professional dog trainer, or attend puppy classes together with your little Berdie.

Since this breed was bred to work out in the field, he is packed with high energy levels, so training and providing enough exercise can be a real challenge.

Make sure that you always do proper research on teh breed before you get a dog, to see if you are a good match.

In the meantime, make training sessions short, frequent, fun, and packed with proper training treats.

Bearded Collie Exercise

The Bearded Collie is an active breed. Owning this breed means that you have enough time in your everyday life to provide regular training, exercise, and even additional outdoor time.

If this isn’t you double think if you are ready to have a dog, because being a pet owner is a full-time commitment.

On the other hand, if you are ready to commit to this breed, you should know that Beardie is a breed of high energy levels, with a need for a minimum of 60 minutes of activity per day.

If the day is rainy you will still have to provide a walk of a minimum of 30 minutes and some indoor playtime.

Don’t force Beardie puppy to go long-distance or hiking, because joints need to be fully developed before a dog can reach his full physical endurance.

Plus, you want to avoid any possible joint and hip injuries. Beardie will be more than happy to participate in athletic events, such as agility and herding.

They are no strangers to winning at obedience competitions. Last but not least, remeber that a busy Beardie is a happy Beardie.

Bearded Collie Grooming

You won’t have to spend all day grooming your Bearded Collie, but you will have to invest a significant amount of time into keeping that wonderful coat fresh and clean.

This breed will shed regularly. This means that you will have to deal with some level fo dog hair in your house on your clothes, and especially on your socks.

This can be kept at a minimum if you provide daily brushing. This is why you shoudl have the right grooming tools in your home. The right tools will always help you keep the soft clean and soft.

Brushing is also important because it will minimize shedding and help you keep your house in order. Regular brushing will also add to your connection with adorable Beardy.

Plus, it’s helpful to brush your dog to see if there are signs of fleas, skin irritation, or any skin infection.

You can expect heavy shedding once a year, and on those days you should have a vacuum cleaner on hand. The rest is regular maintenance:

  • Provide regualr veterinienrin check-ups
  • Trim or grind nails monthly, or when needed
  • Check gums weekly and provide food and treats that promote teeth health
  • Learn how to clean dog’s ears
  • Check eyes regularly

Bearded Collie Health

The median longevity of the Bearded Collies is 12.8 years.

Individual dogs may live longer or shorter, which many depend on countless factors, including general living conditions, nutrition, and overall health.

This is why it’s important to only deal with responsible breeders who will only breed healthy dogs.

If you find yourself in a place where the person doesn’t have any medical documentation on the dog, won’t show you the facilities, and says no meeting the bitch and the rest of offspring, know that you are standing in a puppy mill.

This should be more than enough for you to walk away.

Dealing with responsible breeders means that you are dealing with someone who is officially recognized as a trustworthy person to work on breeding dogs.

Plus, these breeders will always screen stock for health conditions such as allergies, eye problems, hip dysplasia, etc. As with all breeds, Beardie is a healthy breed, but during life, some health issues may occur.

This is why regular veterinarian check-ups are important. Prevention is the best key to having a healthy dog in the long run.

What you can do for your dog’s health is to provide high-quality food and proper nutrition. This way you’ll protect your dog from obesity.

Obesity in dogs is on the rise, and you want to avoid your dog gaining weight.

Weight loss in dogs is possible, but you shouldn’t allow extra pounds if you want your dog to live a healthy and happy life.

Bearded Collie Nutrition

The Bearded Collie should do fine on high-quality food. Make sure that you know how much you should feed your dog on a daily level.

Don’t overfeed your dog – always bear in mind that dogs should have a balanced diet, that is packed with fruit and vegetable that are dog-safe.

Learn which human foods are safe for your Fido, and which should be kept away from their reach and stomach.

For hot summer days, you can always make soem treats with cucumber, and for winter night you should avoid feeding popcorn to your dog.

What you eat isn’t always the best option for your dog. If you have any doubts about dog nutrition, make sure that you talk with your veterinarian.

Is Beardie For You?

Beardie is a playful and energetic breed known for his famous beard and ‘Beardie bounce,’ a yo-yo leap that stands for his carefree attitude, Only dogs with a big amount of confidence can have so easy walk.

Some Bearded Collies are more serious than others, but this is overall a playful breed.

Before you get this dog, know that Beardie will demand a fair amount of your time when it comes to exercise and outdoor time.

This is a very sociable dog who can easily become unhappy and destructive if left for a long period of time without companions or even other pets.

Destructive Beardie is something that you want to avoid no matter what. Overall this breed requires a confident owner who will establish and enforce the rules. But… Is Beardie for you?

Beardie isn’t for you if you are not ready for intense exercise requirements, frequent jumping, and destructive behavior following barking when bored.

This breed isn’t for you if you’re not ready to clean dog hair daily. The waiting list on this dog is high and Beardie comes with a high price tag – also something that you should think about.

However, if you are ready to accept all of the listed, and you are fine with having a dog who:

  • Is medium-sized
  • Is athletic and strong
  • Is active
  • Is playful with everyone
  • Is extremely sociable with other animals

If that is the case, a Bearded Collie may be right for you.