Samoyed is a friendly and gentle white dog who is known for its graceful stand. This is a popular all-white dog with a powerful posture and a perpetual smile.
This smile has a practical function: the upturned corners of the mouth keep Sammies from drooling, preventing icicles from forming on the face.
This smiling sled dog was bred for hard work in cold areas.
This dog is so custom to freezing temperatures that minus-60 degrees is nothing. Samoyeds’ coat is thick enough to keep him safe and warm against harsh weather conditions.
This smart dog can easily become mischievous when bored, or when in demand of love and attention. They need an experienced dog owner with a loving hand.
Real name: Samoyed dog
Other names: Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya, Sobaka
Common Nickname: Smiley, Sammy, Shoobie, Shoob
Origin: Northwest Russia and Western Siberia
Breed type: Working Dogs
Weight: 45-65 pounds (male), 35-50 pounds (female)
Height: 21-23.5 inches (male), 19-21 inches (female)
Lifespan: 12 – 14 years
Litter Size: 4 – 6 puppies
Coat: Dense, double layer coat with longer straight hair.
The smiling sled dog was bred to work in extremely cold areas, and this is the main reason why their coat is so thick – the coat keeps them warm.
In the Siberian town of Oymyakon, the temperature can go minus-60 degrees, which is quite low, and definitely not a living area for everyone.
If Samoyed is kept in the back yard constantly, he will become miserable and destructive, and thats something that you dont want to experience.
This is a social and mischievous dog who thrives on love and attention.
Samoyed belongs to the spitz or northern dog group, especially a Eurasian dog type used for a variety of purposes.
This all-white dog was used for hunting, guarding, herding, and sledding the majority of the time.
This breed is descended from the Nenets herding Laika, a dog that could be white, but also have a variety of other colors.
Primarily, this breed was used for hunting, hauling sleds, and herding reindeer for the Samoyede people in Siberia.
Since they were born in cold areas, they lived with Samoyede people in tents – this was a great way to keep everyone safe and warm. This also adds to a stronger connection between people and dogs, which is why they are obsessed with people even today. This practice is also another reason why they don’t like sleeping outside.
Samoyeds came to Europe in the late 18th century, when Arctic explorers introduced the breed to British dog lovers.
Queen Alexandra fell in love with this breed and Samoyeds gained popularity immediately. The very first Samoyed recognized by AKC was Samoyed named Moustan of Argenteau in 1906.
Samoyed Physical Appearance
Samoyed is a working dog and is built as such. This dog stands for endurance, strengths, beauty, and agility.
Since he is used to working in cold climates, Samoyed’s coat is always heavy and weather-resistant, well-groomed, and of all a dog with very good quality.
Males are larger in appearance than females, which are more of feminine posture. Bitches may be slightly longer opposite to males. Ears are strong and thick, upright and triangular.
Ears are always erect when alert, while the mouth is slightly curved up at the corners, making the famous ‘Samoyed smile.’ The neck is strong and muscled.
The chest reaches the point of elbows, while the legs are parallel and straight. Shoulders are long and sloping.
The coat is double, and the entire body is covered with an undercoat of short, short, and thick wool with long, straight, and harsh hair growing as the outer coat.
A droopy coat in Samoyed is highly undesirable. Interestingly, females usually have shorter coats opposite to males. Females also have softer hair. Upper thighs should be well developed.
Samoyed Physical Personality
Samoyed is a friendly and very personable dog. This is an intelligent breed with a few independent traits.
Since they were bred to live inside the tent, it’s expected for them to share your bed with you and keep you warm and safe at night.
They thrive on human company and don’t know how to live otherwise. This breed will keep you safe without a doubt. Samoyed will always alarm you of intruders by barking and if left on for a longer period.
If your neighbor tells you that Samoyed is pretty loud during the day, you better believe them, because he will bark frequently to express his feelings.
Some dogs may even develop separation anxiety, so make sure that you can really invest enough time in having a dog.
Getting a dog is easy, but keeping him happy, loved, and healthy is a different level.
After all, by getting a dog you can committing to at least a 10-years-long commitment.
Digging may be a slight issue with this breed because they love to dig to reach a resting place.
They do get along with other dogs and even with other animals if raised together. Since they are herding dogs, they may show some tendency to chase or nip.
Samoyeds get along with children, although they can be a little misciveioous for small toddlers.
It’s best never to leave them with children alone, unless you have older children, because accidents may occur during playtime.
Educate your children on how to behave around dogs, becuase it’s the best way to keep them safe around dogs.
Living With Samoyed
Samoyeds are an easy-to-keep-and-handle breed if you already have experience as a dog owner. They are easy to train because they are eager to please their humans. However, be careful when it comes to treats.
Treats are a great addition to any training, but too many can lead to obesity – a raising problem in pets across the States.
It’s possible for dogs to lose weight, but it’s overall a long and exhausting process. Therefore, it’s better to learn how much you should feed your dog and stick to the vet’s feeding recommendations.
If you have any doubts about your dog’s weight, make sure that you talk to your veterinarian.
Also, learn how to recognize if your dog is overweight – there is a simple test to do that.
This is a great breed if you want to participate in a dog’s agility, obedience, or weight pulls. They can be a bit independent, but that can be handled with proper socialization and training.
Training, next to early socialization, is the most important part of having a well-behaved dog of any breed.
Even the largest dogs, such as Great Dane, can be a true softie if trained right.
On the other hand, if you miss training your dog right, you risk having a destructive dog who will try to get his way in every area.
Plus, there is always a risk of experiencing a small dog syndrome – which is something that you want to avoid at any cost.
Samoyeds live with Samoyede people in tents, which means that even today in their genes run a strong dog-and-master closeness, an unbreakable bond.
If left outside or alone for long period, this dog will suffer and do his best to show you just how miserable he is. Create fun, short, and regular training – he will love discipline and fun.
Switch training style from time to time, and never use any harsh training methods. Dogs should be training only by using positive reinforcement training techniques.
Samoyed is often described as a beautiful dog among dog fanciers. He has a double coat, with a longer outer coat of harsh hair and a wooly undercoat. They do shed, so make sure that you have a vacuum cleaner on hand.
It cannot harm to do your research and have the best grooming tools as a part of dog’s kit – the best brushing tool will make your life easier, and add to your bond with calm Samoyed.
Daily brushing is recommended to keep the debris and dead hair away.
Tangles and mats are possible, which is why groomers recommend using a slicker brush or metal comb.
The rest is regular maintenance:
- Clean ears regularly
- Trim or grind nails monthly
- Check gums weekly
- Provide regular exercise
- Serve high-quality food
Samoyeds are healthy dogs, and responsible breeders will always provide only healthy dogs.
If you are adopting a dog from a local shelter, they will inform you of the dog’s health.
If you are ecotopian from the street, take your dog to the veterinarian for a full check-up. In fact, this should be a practice always. The only veterinarian can tell you healthy the dog is.
Responsible breeders will always present you with papers on the dog, otherwise, you are dealing with puppy mills.
Proper vaccination, regular veterinarian check-ups, and parasite control will enable you to have a healthy and strong dog.
Recommended Health Tests For The Breed:
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
- Hip Evaluation
- PRA Optigen DNA Test
- Cardiac Exam
- RD/OSD DNA Test
The Bottom Line
Samoyeds tend to be loyal and long-lived dogs, commonly reaching between 12 to 14 years of age. They are active dogs who need a lot of exercise.
They are often attached to their humans, and love spending time with human family doing somehting fun, or just chilling in the park.
If you want a dog who is spitz-like, robust and spirited, and responsive Samoyed may be right for you.
Don’t forget that with this breed you have to deal with the occasional barking and digging – and if that’s, not something that you cannot deal with, Samoyed may not be the right dog for you.