The West Highland White Terrier, or otherwise called Westie, is a small dog breed from Scotland, with a white coat and amazing personality.
This breed can be described as happy, loyal, and entertaining.
Here is everything that you should know about this small, but extremely active, member of Terrier group.
Real name: West Highland White Terrier
Other names: Poltalloch Terrier, Roseneath Terrier, White Roseneath Terrier
Common nickname: Westie (or Westy)
Breed type: Terrier Group
Weight: 6.8–9.1 kg (15–20 lb)
Height: 25–28 cm (9.8–11.0 in)
Litter Size: Three to five
Lifespan: 12 to 17 years
West Highland White Terrier History
A long time ago, poor farmers of the long-ago British Isles had a massive problem with rodents. The infections of rodents were enormous, as they have spread diseases across the grain stores.
At the time, the only solution was to develop a line of terriers called eat dogs, who were capable of finding and dispatching rats.
The breed we know today as the West Highland White Terrier came into focus in the 1700s when the Malcolm clan began breeding the little white exterminators on their estate, called Poltalloch.
They were bred and maintained there for more than 100 years before their appearance at dog shows.
The breed was also known as the Poltalloch Terrier; an alternate name was the Roseneath Terrier, named for another Scottish estate where early breedings were done. The breed was first shown at Scottish dog shows in 1896.
Westies were first shown at AKC shows in 1906. So far, they have proven to be joyful, portable, and spunky. Overall, they have been of the most popular companions in the State for over a hundred years.
Fast fact: this breed was known as Roseneath Terries a long time ago. The name Roseneath was taken from the Duke of Argyll’s place in Dumbartonshire, Scotland.Terries a long time ago. The name Roseneath was taken from the Duke of Argyll’s home in Dumbartonshire, Scotland.
West Highland White Physical Appearance
The West Highland White Terrier is a small dog. This breed is well-balanced and compact for all-breed, which is surprisingly solidly built.
They have muscular and strong hindquarters on muscular legs, while the coat is around two inches long, always white in color, with plenty of soft undercoats.
The dog should always be healthy presented, with a longer coat on the back and sides, trimmed to blend into the shorter neck and shoulder coat.
Hear is usually left around the head to act as a frame for the face to yield a typical Westie expression. Head should always be in proportion to the body.
Eyes are widely set apart, medium in size, and almond-shaped, while eye rims are black. Ears are small m always erect and set wide apart. They terminate in a sharp point and must never be cropped. However, the hair on the hair is trimmed and is short and velvety.
The neck is muscular and well set on sloping shoulders. Dogs with too long or too short necks will always be disqualified. The body is always compact, while ribs are deep and well arched.
The chest is also deep, and they are extending to the elbows, with breadth in proportion to the size of the dog.
Forelegs are well boned and muscular, and relatively short, but with enough length to set the dog up so not to be too close to the ground. Also, the legs are reasonably straight and covered with short hard hair.
Some dog experts would say that this breed has a perfect coat – it’s double-coated, short, and soft.
The coat hair in this breed is always white, and the hair is straight. Any tendency to curl and any silkiness is considered to be a fault in dogs shows. The tail is always set high, short, and shaped like a carrot.
The tail is always covered with hard hair without feather, as straight as possible, and is never docked. Thighs are very muscular, well angulated, and not set wide apart.
Legs are also muscular and relatively short, while hind feet are smaller than front feet.
West Highland White Nutrition
To keep your Westie healthy and happy, you will have to feed him right.
Knowing the basics of dog nutrition can save you time in the long run and will keep your dog healthier.
Your Westie should do more than fine on high-quality dog food, both on commercially manufactured or home-prepared.
If you opt for the home-prepared food, otherwise known as the raw diet, make sure that you talk with your veterinarian first.
Any diet should be appropriate for the dog’s age. Some dogs are prone to obesity and various allergies, so watch your dog’s diet and don’t overdo with treats if you want to maintain a healthy weight level.
Otherwise, you can expect a battle of losing weight. Treats are important when it comes to training, especially to puppy training, but giving too many can cause problems, so – less is more, in this case.
West Highland White Temperament
The Westie is full of life, happiness, and devotion. They tend to be stubborn if they see that things could end their way, but they don’t look for a fight. However, they aren’t afraid to take a stand.
They are easy to train if they allow it, and they are into the mood. This breed is prone to boredom and can become destructive if left alone for an extended period of time.
They also love to dig and bark, so if you have a back yard, you can expect holes here and there. The Westie is a huge people-lover, but it doesn’t mean that this is a lap dog.
It’s highly unlikely for this breed to develop a small dog syndrome because they have a strong personality.
They love to be on the move and being busy. So, if you are an outdoor person, the Westie could be your perfect match. Moreover, this breed will be perfect for dog sports, such as agility, obedience, rally, and flyball.
They are not afraid to try by any means to climb into kitchen counters to reach food. Yes, they are huge foodies but limit them to dogs’ food only. Westies are sexually mature at six to 12 months, so start training your puppy early.
West Highland White Training
The Westie is open to any fun activity. They love being entertained and entertain. Like all terriers who were bred to work alone, they tend to be stubborn since they are wholly independent.
This trait can make training challenging, but thanks to their intelligence, they tend to be patient, as long as training lessons are exciting and short.
Because they are highly intelligent, they quickly get bored. They are no-nonsense dogs who require little pampering. Make sure that you start training from day one.
If you want a well-behaved dog, you must socialize your dog from an early age – expose him to various sounds, smells, areas, and people so he can explore the world.
Keep him on the leash when in the walks and make sure that you provide fun training lessons.
West Highland White Exercise
Westies are active dogs. They love to play, romp, and walk. Simply said, they love to be outdoors.
They are naturally drowning to chase anything smaller, so when in walk keeps your white terrier on the leash all the time.
They excel in a variety of canine sports, including agility, rally, and obedience. They are true to the breed’s original purpose, and they have the instinct to go ground making them perfect for earthdog events.
West Highland White Grooming
To keep your Westie looking his best, regular grooming is a must. You will have to invest some time in keeping your dog clean and healthy. Also, grooming is a nice way to connect with your dog and check the dog’s skin.
Stripping (or plucking) the old, dead hair is the traditional way of taking care of the terrier coat, and this is the main method if you are interested in participating in dog’s shows.
Most people find a professional groomer to help them maintain beautiful Westie look – you can take your Westy to the groomer once in 4-6 weeks.
Because the Westie has a hard coat, bathing too often can do more harm than good, so avoid bathing your Westie frequently or at all.
West Highland White Health
West Highland White Terriers are generally healthy dogs, and responsible breeders will always screen them for health conditions. Therefore, they will always be a screen for patellar luxation and cardiac disease.
Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control can help you prevent any medical condition and ensure a long and healthy life.
Recommended Health Tests for West Highland White Terriers:
- Hip Evaluation
- Patella Evaluation
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
The Bottom Line
The famous West Highland White Terrier is a small dog, with a vast amount of self-esteem, and you should treat him as an independent and confident dog.
They are bold, energetic, and spunky, making them perfect for outdoor time and sport. However, they can be bossy with other dogs of the same sex but otherwise coexist with other dogs and even cats more gladly than other terriers.
This breed is for you if you want t a dog who is:
- Small, but strong and sturdy
- Needs moderate exercise
- Makes a great watchdog
- Doesn’t shed too much
A West Highland White Terrier may be right for you.