Sealyham Terrier is an outgoing and alert dog, with a great sense of humor. This is one of the most dynamic dogs from the Terrier group.
Here is everything that you should know about this exciting small dog.
Real name: Sealyham Terrier
Other names: Welsh Border Terrier, Cowley Terrier
Breed type: Terrier Group
Weight: Male 9 kilograms (20 lb), Female 8 kilograms (18 lb)
Height: 12 inches (30 cm)
Lifespan: 12 – 14 years
Litter size: 3-6 puppies
Sealyham Terrier History
The Sealyham Terrier was developed in Wales. John Tucker-Edwardes, who lived on an estate called Sealyham in Pembrokeshire, Wales, developed the Sealyham Terrier.
The father of the breed, John Edwardes, had no record on the breed, but the experts believe that this small dog is initially a mixed breed. Although there are no breeding records, experts believe that Edwardes used the Wire Fox Terrier, the West Highland White Terrier, the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, and the now-extinct English White Terrier to create this breed.
According to various records, Edwardes was an avid sportsman and a real outdoor lover, which is why he wanted to create a breed perfect for badger digging and otter hunting. This dog might be small, but he is a real hunter.
Don’t let the size fool you, because Sealyhams are still used today to hunt in small game, such as pheasants and rabbits. Sealyhams are also very good at controlling pests like rats, similar skills to cats.
Edwardes wanted a new breed, that will support his Otterhound pack, to keep otters out. So he wanted them to be compact size, but also strong and tough enough to dig.
It’s still unknown how Edwardes achieved to create his breed, who is a fearless, active, hard worker with excellent hunting skills and is a great companion.
The breed was developed between 1850 and 1891, while the first Sealyham Terrier club was created in 1908; the Kennel Club officially recognized the breed in 1911.
In modern history, this dog has enjoyed significant popularity. Actually, the Sealyham Terrier reached peak popularity between World War I and World War II.
Famous people such as Elizabeth Taylor, Bette Davis, and Alfred Hitchcock were Sealyham owners and lovers. This breed was also popular with British Royalty in the mid-20th century. The current Queen Elizabeth’s mother and sister, Princess Margaret, had two Sealyhams.
Sealyham Terrier Physical Appearance
This is a small dog with a sturdy body and a powerful personality. Sealyhams’s have a small and short body, which is perfectly balanced. Jaws is powerful for a small-size dog, while cheeks are flat and smoothly formed.
The nose is always black with large nostrils. Head is long and powerful, without coarseness. Ribs are well sprung while the shoulders are well laid back and powerful, but not over-muscled.
Forelegs are strong, with good bone, while hind legs are longer than forelegs, and not so heavily boned. Toes are pointed straight, while feet are large but compact.
The coat is always white, double, and soft. The coat is weather-resisting and hard. In competitions, a curly or silky coat can be a bad fault. Hindquarters are powerful.
Sealyham Terrier Personality
Sealyhams are real terriers, meaning that they are playful and self-assured. They are more mellow than other terrier breeds, but it is really easy to live with them.
They are friendly and outgoing, but they are also small alert dogs. They can be reserved toward strangers, but they are excellent watchdogs with an impressive bark. They will always respond well to positive training techniques.
Since they are highly intelligent, they will learn quality as long as training is supported by positive reinforcement. They are also very proud dogs, and they will always see them as a proud family member.
They will demand you treat them as equals. Of course, like any other dog breed, this dog needs early socialization, and the proper environment to become a well-rounded dog.
Sealyham Terrier Training
Sealys require a firm, but never harsh training technique.
Early socialization is the key when you want to have a well-behaved Sealys. They react perfectly to positive reinforcement training based on treats.
Make sure that you don’t overdo with treats because obesity in dogs is a growing problem. Make sure that you expose your Sealy puppy to new people, smells, and areas from day one. This is the only way to induce proper socialization. If you are welcoming a senior dog into your home, make sure that the environment is safe.
Have the right toys to keep your dog entertained indoors, and have a proper training gear. If you think that training a dog is too much for you, think about puppy classes or joined classes with your dog in a dog school.
Since this dog can be vocal, it can be tricky having them in an apartment, so treat this state from day one. Learn what to do if your dog barks a lot. When in a walk, always keep your dog on a leash.
Sealyham Terrier Exercise
Sealyham Terrier is a small dog who loves to run. That being said, you can expect to spend a significant amount of time outdoors. They can overheat in hot and humid weather, so be careful during the summertime.
Like with any other breed, it would be best to walk your dog (during the summertime) early morning and in the evening. This is an all-white dog, so grass stains are common.
It may be needed from time to time to wash furniture. Always encourage your Sealyham Terrier to exercise, so he can be moderately tired, but not exhausted. No dog can handle too much physical activity.
Still, having an active outdoor dog means calmer dog in the house.
Sealyham Terrier Grooming
You can expect frequent grooming with this breed. This may be a small dog, but you will have to invest a significant amount of time to keep his coat and hair healthy and clean.
Don’t forget that they are always white, so on rainy days, you will have to clean him more after walks. So, how often should you groom your Sealyham Terrier? Every two or three days, because they tend to mat easily.
Interestingly, the coat doesn’t shed but must be hand-stipped or clipped on a regular basis. They are usually kept trimmed short, which makes care even easier.
For Sealyhams in show coat, washing at least the furnishings frequently is a must. When it comes to bathing, do it only when you have to, because dogs’ skin is different than humans so if you overdo you can make a problem.
Check gums every week, because teeth are telling how healthy dog really is. The rest is regular grooming, like cleaning with wipe paws after a walk, respecting the vaccination schedule, and so on.
Sealyham Terrier Health
In general, this is a healthy breed. If you provide high-quality food, often veterinarian check-ups, and a healthy level of training and exercise you can expect to see your Sealyham Terrier reaching its old days.
Still, just like any other dog breed, Sealyham can be prone to certain diseases. There are several genetic eye diseases that potential sires and dams should be tested before breeding.
It is always handy to check the American Sealyham Terrier Club for detailed information in breed health. Furthermore, non-genetic eye conditions such as infections and tearing can occur because of the breed’s long eyebrows.
With that in mind, always check with your veterinarian and then your groomer if you should think about a shorter eyebrow. Also, ear infection can occur due to the weight and the position of the ears.
However, if you maintain to keep the ears clean, you should prevent any trouble. Also, you are responsible for your dog’s weight.
Obesity in dogs is a rising problem, so make sure that your small Sealyham doesn’t eat too much and that he spends enough time outdoor.
Recommended Health Test
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
- PLL DNA Test
Sealyham Terrier Nutrition
When it comes to raising a healthy Sealyham Terrier, nutrition plays a huge role.
Simple said any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age. If you want your Sealyham Terrier to compete in dog shows, make sure that you avoid food containing extra dye, because dye tends to stain beards and many even color the urine.
As you may guess, it can leave hair yellowish. Again, some dogs are prone to being overweight, so always care about dog’s calorie consumption and weight level.
Treats are important when it comes to training, but giving too much can cause obesity. Furthermore, learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not.
If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, make sure that you talk with your veterinarian. Make sure that fresh water is available at all times, and have a separate dog bowl for food.
The Bottom Line
The Sealyham Terrier is a real spirited dog, with a big personality, and a great sense of humor. This dog loves spending time with his owners and is a real couch potato when he isn’t outside playing.
If you want a breed that is playful, intelligent, and vocal from time to time this just might be the dog for you.