The Scottish Terrier is a compact dog with a firm personality and confident attitude. This breed has an almost-human character. They are known for being extremely independent and persistent.
Due to their persistence, they earned the nickname ‘the Diehard.’ Here is everything that you should know about this small breed.
Real name: Scottish Terrier
Other names: Scottie, Aberdeenie
Breed type: Hunting breed
Weight: Male 8.5–10 kg (19–22 lb), Female 8–9.5 kg (18–21 lb)
Height: Male 25 cm (9.8 in), Female 25 cm (9.8 in)
Lifespan: 11 to 13 years
Litter Size: 1-6
Color: Black, Brindle, Wheaten
Coat: Double (hard wiry & soft undercoat)
Scottish Terrier History
The Scottish Terrier was originally bred to hunt foxes, rats, and badgers on the craggy Scottish Highlands. This is one of the oldest Highland terriers. Some dog experts claim that this breed is the oldest variety of the canine race indigenous to Britain.
Experts can’t agree on the breed’s origin completely, due to the controversy surrounding this small breed.
Dog experts spent much of the 1800s arguing over what was a Scottish Terrier and what was a terrier that happened to be Scottish.
This farm-dog impressed some important people, and in the 17th century, England’s King James I, a Scot by birth, was well acquainted with the breed and gave them as gifts. That’s how he manages to spread the breed across the world.
When it comes to the States, the very first Scottish Terrier arrived in 1883. Teo years later, AKC registered its first Scottish Terrier, a male named Prince Charlie.
The breed’s pick of popularity was during the 1930s and early ’40. Celebrities, Humphrey Bogart and Bette Davis were proud owners of this sturdy breed and increased the breed’s popularity.
Presidents have a special affection toward this intelligent dog. Fala was the most famous Scottish Terrier because she was a constant companion of President Franklin Roosevelt during World War II.
Scottish Terrier Physical Appearance
The Scottish Terrier is a small, short-legged, and compact dog of good bone and substance. One look on this breed, and it’s clear that the dog’s head is long in proportion to his size. He has a wiry, hard, and weather-resistant coat.
These characters are giving the breed piercing expression. His ears and tail are salient features of the breed. Overall, this breed can be defined as confident and bold.
The head is always long longer than the rest of the body, while the nose is black. Teeth are large and evenly spaced, having a scissor or level bite, while the jaw should be square and powerful.
Eyes are set wide apart and well in under the brow. The body is moderately short with ribs extending well back into a short, strong loin, and very muscular hindquarters. The chest should be broad and deep.
The shoulders should be well laid back, while the forelegs should be very heavy in bone. Dewclaws may be removed.
The Scottish Terrier should always have a good coat. It is a hard, wiry outer coat with a soft, dense undercoat.
The coat should be trimmed and blended to give that specific Scottish Terrier outline. The coating on the beard, legs, and lower body may be slightly softer than the body coat is. Hindquarters are muscular and powerful.
Scottish Terrier Personality
When it comes to personality, this is a no-nonsense dog. He may seem harsh and stubborn on the surface, but secretly Scottish Terrier is a true softie who really adores his humans.
The nickname Diehard didn’t come in vain. After all, this small dog was bred to hunt and not give up until he catches his prey. This dog has a vigilant nature, which makes him an excellent watchdog.
In general, this breed isn’t a barker, although you might expect some barking here and there unless you give him nothing to do.
This is a breed that can survive being left alone for a few hours, but you will still have to keep him busy.
So make sure that you know how to keep your dog entertained indoors. This is an outgoing dog, but he will take his time to know other people.
Before he decides to accept someone, he will watch the person decide if a person is the right fit for him or not. Like all terriers, the Scottie has a mind of his own. However, with the right person and the right motivation, he learns well.
So, start the training process as soon as your Scottish Terrier comes to his new home.
Scottish Terrier Training
Scottish Terriers do best with short and engaging training sessions. If you want to have a well-behaved Scotie, you shouldn’t have training sessions longer than 15 minutes at a time.
Be creative; do not repeat the training the same way all the time. This is an intelligent breed, a thinker, and they love to think and be challenged. However, if they are bored, they will immediately respond.
Don’t forget that farmers loved animals who could solve problems, those who could figure things out. Your Scotie will test you.
He wants to see if he could train you. Since they are independent, they love to have separate time and actions. All in, don’t be surprised when they test you.
They respond perfectly to vocal tones and know why you are displeased by your voice. Just be persistent, and reward good behavior. Always use positive reinforcement.
Scottish Terrier Exercise
Next to proper training, you must provide enough physical activity to your Scotie. Dogs love when they have something to do, even if it’s just a longe walk to the park.
Playtime is essential both for their physique and mental state. This dog will love to play tug with a favorite toy, and if they want to play, nothing can stop them in that.
Be well-informed on the breed, took to a dog trainer, and educate yourself on how to keep your Scotie fit and happy. This breed is excellent for living in a small home or even apartment living.
Scottish Terrier Grooming
Scottish Terriers require regularly scheduled grooming. This may be a small dog, but it doesn’t mean that you won’t have to invest your time in grooming your Scotie.
Since this is a dual-coated breed, with a harsh layer and dense and soft undercoat, you must provide regular brushing to avoid any tangles. It would help if you could start with grooming your Scotie when they are young puppies, so they get used to the process.
Brushing once a month is a bare minimum, while the best-case scenario would be if you could brush your Scotie once a week. If you don’t have time for regular brushing, find a good groomer.
Everything else is regular maintenance:
- Check ears regularly and clean them.
- Check gums and provide food that’s good for teeth. You can tell the dog’s healthy by his teeth.
- Clip nails on time.
- Bath only when really needed.
- Check coat for fleas.
- Provide proper and mandatory vaccination, parasite medicine, and have regular veterinarian check-ups.
Scottish Terrier Health
As you already know, all dogs – just like humans – can develop genetic problems, or inherit them.
If you don’t get a health guarantee on puppies from a breeder, you should know that you aren’t getting a puppy from a responsible breeder.
Any breeder who knows the process of breeding dogs understands how important it is to have healthy puppies and dogs. Therefore, they will always provide the necessary documentation and even let you meet the puppy’s parents.
If you are adopting a dog, a shelter will inform you about everything that they know about the dog so far.
Also, it’s essential to have an honest breeder who will openly talk about potential health problems in the breed.
Scottish Terrier can suffer from several genetic health problems.
The most common health problems with this breed are:
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Neurological problems
- Brain cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Bladder stones
- Cushing’s disease
- von Willebrand’s disease (a blood clotting disorder)
One condition that affects the Scottish Terrier is called craniomandibular osteopathy. It’s an abnormal growth of the jaw that occurs in puppyhood.
This is a painful condition, but it usually resolves by the time. There are no screening tests for CMO. Since this is a small size dog, obesity can be a dangerous occurrence.
You should also know that Scottish Terriers are one of the top 10 breeds that can gain weight fast.
Once Scotie enters your home, you are responsible for the breed’s health. A breed-specific problem occurring in the Scottish Terrier is a strange condition known as Scottie cramp. Dogs with this condition react strongly to stress.
This is a neurological disorder, and it usually manifests with their legs flying out on the side. This is a rare condition.
Recommended Health Tests for the Breed:
- Von Willebrand’s Disease DNA Test
- Patella Evaluation
The Scottish Terrier Club of America is the breed’s national parent club and they provide any health-related information, and progress, in this breed.
The Bottom Line
Scotties are one of the most popular dogs in the States. They are playful, lively, and great companions. They are small in size, but their heart is huge, making their personality unique.
If you are ready to welcome a dog who is intelligent and highly stubborn and are willing to invest your time and energy into training your Scottie, this may be the dog for you.