Pomeranian – All You Need To Know On Pompom

Written by: Bojana Radulovic
The Pomeranian is a small dog, with great guarding attitude. They are also one of the oldest breed's alive. Their history is so rich and long that they originate from a country that doesn't even exist today - Pomerania. Read on and discover what makes Pomeranian so unique.
Dog Breed Group:
Companion Dogs
7 to 12 inches tall at the shoulder
3 to 7 pounds
Life Span:
12 to 16 years

Breed Characteristics:

Apartment Friendly


How well will this breed adapt to apartment living? Is the apartment size the most important factor when it comes to proper living conditions? Is the breed suitable for apartment living?

Good For First-Time Owners


Some dogs aren't suitable for first-time dog owners. Is this breed a good match for someone with no dog experience? Can training help them be on their best behavior with owners with no dog experience? Are they suitable to be handled by someone who is just entering the canine world?

Overall Sensitivity


Some dogs are sensitive. Certain breeds are rough on the outside, while having the softest heart on the inside. In other words, some dogs are 'thick-skinned' while some are 'easygoing.' Is this breed prone to sensitivity?

Tolerates Being Alone


Separation anxiety in dogs is a serious condition that can affect a dog's life quality. Is this breed prone to this condition? Can you leave him alone for hours? How destructive this breed can become when bored, neglected, or not loved enough?

Affectionate With Family


How affectionate this breed will be around his humans? Will he welcome new family friends easily or he will choose to be shy? Some breeds can be clingy with owners, while others don't attach a lot. Will this breed act as the family's best friend?



Some dogs will tolerate children, while others will adore well-behaved ones. Dogs and children should always be supervised, no matter how well trained the dog might be. Will this breed act as a nanny dog or he will stay away from children?

Friendly Toward Other Dogs


Some dog breeds cannot wait to run to the dog park and run with others. Others prefer to be with their humans, and not to be a part of a multi-pet household. Is this breed dog lover or not? How friendly this breed will be toward other dogs?

Friendly Toward Strangers


Some dog breeds tend to be reserved toward strangers and highly suspicious. Others are fast to walk away with them easily. How welcoming this breed is toward strangers?

Drooling Level


If you love to clean all the time drooling level in dogs is a trait that you should mind. Is this breed less likely to drool, or you will always need a towel on hand?

Easy To Groom


Heavier shedding during the shedding season is something that every dog needs to go through. However, some dogs shed just a bit all year round. Is this breed one of them? How often should you groom this dog?

Overall Health


What can you expect from this breed in terms of health? Are there any genetic conditions to vary about? Is obesity a major issue in this breed? By knowing more about the dog's health, you are learning how to help him live a longer and healthier life.

Prone To Obesity


Treats are a great addition to training sessions. Dogs love sweet bites of dog treats but they should be served in moderation. Treats can lead to obesity, next to poor nutrition. Can this breed gain extra weight from treats? How prone to obesity this breed actually is?

Trainability Level


Training some dogs is easier than others. How easy this dog will be to train? What can you expect? Some dogs are huge people pleasers and they will master commands easily, while others will try to outsmart you.

Intelligence Level


Dogs are smart beings. We do our best to train them, but they do still end up training us to adapt to their needs. How intelligent is this breed? Will he try to outsmart you? Or he will need multiple training sessions to master basic commands?

Prey Drive


Dogs were bred for a specific purpose. Those who were bred to hunt have natural instincts to hunt, even today. This is why many dogs, like Terriers, will chase other animals. They will also have a hard time concentrating on your commands when there is something small moving. Is this breed prone to following his prey instincts?

Barking Level


How vocal this breed is? Can you expect neighbors to ring you often to calm your dog? Or you can sleep without worries of hearing your Fido bark? Some breeds are highly vocal, others have unusual sounds, and some are silent. Is this breed prone to barking?

Energy Level


Low-energy dogs are happy with regular walks and indoor chill times. High-energy dogs are always ready for action. Is this breed a couch potato, energetic dog, or somewhere in between?

Exercise Needs


Some dogs are more than happy with a slow stroll down the street. Others need hours of active time to stay happy and fit. Is this breed demanding in terms of exercise? How much exercise this breed needs to stay happy and healthy?

Playfulness Level


Some dogs never lose that puppy spirit, not even in their senior years. Others are more serious and prefer having a job to do. Is this breed demanding in terms of playfulness? Can you expect playfulness in their senior years as well?

Pomeranian’s descended from large sled dog breeds to today’s compact size. That being said, you can only imagine how interesting, rich, and long history they actually have. Did you know that this breed is also known as ‘the little dog who thinks he can’?

This actually describes perfectly his active personality and adventurous spirit. This small and foxy-faced dog is extremely competing in agility and it is great when it comes to obedience.

All together, Pomeranian is a great family member. But, is this dog suitable for everyone? Can it be left alone, with children, or with other pets? Does he easily get scared?

Learn more about this interesting bread and discover if a Pomeranian is a right dog for you!

Quick Facts

Real name: Pomeranian
Other names: Deutscher Spitz, Zwergspitz; Pom, Zwers
Nicknames: Pompom, Pom, Tumbleweed
Origin: Pomerania (modern parts of Germany and Poland)
Breed type: Spitz group
Weight: 1.9–3.5 kg (4.2 to 7.7 pounds)
Height: 13–28 (5.0-11)
Lifespan: 12 – 16 years
Color: The most common colors are white/cream, brown, black or red.
Coat: Long, medium, and soft coat


Pomeranian’s are originally from Pomerania (that’s how they got their name), from an area that’s known today as part of Germany and part of Poland. Originally, they are historically long-living breed as their date of origin dates back to the 1800s. Back in the days, these dogs were massive.

Originally, they are ancient Spitz breed from far and colder northern countries. Pomeranian’s distance cousins are:

Interestingly, the early Pomeranian’s were much larger than the ones known today. Moreover, they were weighing up to 30 pounds. These older breeds were used as sheep herding dogs and sled dogs. What we can tell you for certain is that the Pomeranian is considered to be a miniaturized Spitz-type dog, therefore the certain ancestor of this charming breed is the German Spitz dog.

These dogs were introduced to England thanks to young Queen Charlotte back in 1761 when a King George III present her with two pet Poms. But, her daughter, Queen Victoria is the main reason for this dogs breed popularity.

Pomeranian’s And Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria fell in love with this breed in 1888 during her visit to Florence, Italy. She brought one Pom with her and the popularity of this breed shy rocked it. Furthermore, Victoria became a serious breeder and even an exhibitor of Poms. She even presented six of her breeding at the 1891 Crufts dog show. Windsor Marco, one of her favorites won the show.

Fun fact: Regarding this dog show and Victoria’s victory, a British historian wrote, “It would have been a brave judge to have placed her second.”

Actually, Victoria is credited for reducing the Pomeranian’s size from about 30 pounds to their current size. It is even memorized that, as the queen lay dying in 1901, her – at the time favorite Pom, Turi stayed at her foot all the time. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Marie Antoinette, and Emile Zola had a soft place in their hearts for this breed.

Pomeranian History Between 1990 To 1930

Between 1990 and 1930 Pomeranian’s went through a number of changes. During this period breed had the highest number of entries at the shows. Even more, during these years the breed became smaller and they started having a signature size and coat. During this period their color range was significantly expanded and orange was added to the existing black, chocolate, blue, and white.

Ever since that period the breed became extremely popular, even ranking among top 25 the most popular dog breeds in 2018. In addition, this breed was recognized by American Kennel Club in the year of 1888. Moreover, the breed became popular in the States in 1900. Also, in 1909 the American Pomeranian Club was founded.

And, so far only one Pomeranian has won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. That was back in 1988 and the winner was named BISS/BIS Am. Ch. Great Elms Prince Charming II ROMX, HOF.

Physical Appearance

This breed is toy-sized with soft and fluffy coat and undercoat. In addition, these dogs have long and straight hair. Moreover, they are one of the top 15 most common long-haired breeds. The hair of the chest and neck will be the longest, creating a frill around the face.

Tails are plumed and usually lie flat. Moreover, their tails are a familiar characteristic of this breed. Interestingly, the average time for this breed to develop its tail is several months. Puppies are not born with these fluffy tails.

When it comes to their color, they can be found in almost any pattern, including parti-color and brindle. Pomeranian’s can be even blue, sable, orange, red, and silver, although they are in most cases black, cream, white, fawn, grey, and brown.

In addition, they come in more interesting color combinations. Their heads are wedge-shaped while their ears are set high, while the noses are dark or share the same coloring as the dog’s coat. Their eyes are almond shaped and dark, while muzzles are straight with well-pronounced stops. Their teeth can create a scissors bite.


Pomeranian’s are known for being true extroverts. They are in general lively, playful, and friendly. All in, their fluffy look matched their lively temperament, However, don’t let the size trick you as they can be great guard dogs and superb protectors. Moreover, they can show their teeth to other dogs if they feel like they have to prove themselves.

Interestingly, they are always well-aware of the changes in their environment and are always alert. Therefore, they tend to develop a habit of excessive barking. Pomeranian’s are intelligent and easy to train if you find the right way to approach them. Otherwise, they will be more than happy to get the most from their owners. It may be due to their fluffy look that makes them so popular, but they do love being in the center of attention.

Furthermore, they can become even dominant and stubborn if they are not well socialized and trained. Since day one Pomeranian’s are known as great companion dogs. These lap dogs are perky, and it doesn’t seem that they actually understand how small they are, and that’s the main reason why its not strange to see a Pomeranian attaching or barking at the large dogs.

In addition, they are active dogs, and they need outdoor time to run off. They are independent and great with children. However, they shouldn’t be left alone with children, especially small children, as they have a tendency of seeing Pomeranians as real-life toys. That’s why it’s crucial to educate your children about proper behavior toward dogs.

Living With Pomeranian

Thanks to their active and playful nature they are suitable both for rural areas and city areas. But, their glamorous appearance is more seen in the city than anywhere else. The great thing about city life and Pomeranian is that they are fearless and are not easily scared of city noise and unexpected and strong sounds. Overall, Pomeranian’s are great to live with.

Pomeranian’s are calm and easygoing. They are all about giving kisses and sitting in your lap, once you provide him good nutrition, minimum 20-minute walks, and proper training.

Still, do not let this small teddy bear looking dog trick you into believing that they do not need regular walks. No matter how small a dog might be, he still needs to keep those joints active and strong.

Although they are easygoing and calm, you can expect a few minutes of a good fight with them when it comes to house training and potty training. You can expect some stubbornness when its rainy or extremely cold outside and your Pomeranian doesn’t want to step outside.

Good to know: Due to their odorless free coat and size, Pomeranians are considered to be perfect city dogs.

Quick tip: You may consider a paper-training for rainy days, and for those days only.

Pomeranians Are Active Dogs

In spite of their calmness, they are known for being loud small dogs. Simply said, they can bark a lot. Although they are tiny, once they start barking, it may sound like you are having a lion in your place, which is why they are often described as small lion-like dog breed. So, their barking can occasionally get out of hand, and therefore you should make sure to teach your fluffy Pomeranian to be quite on command.

Also, they are fond of learning new tricks, or any fun activity. But, you should bear in mind that these dogs have short attention spans, and training sessions should be short and well organized. Always reward your Pomeranian with treats, praise or extra petting session. Also, make sure that you are focused during your walks and keep an eye on your fluffy friends, as they are small and can get hurt easily if accidentally stepped or dropped on.

Additionally, they are not only good with dogs, but with cats as well. The main issue when it comes to Pomeranian’s playing with other animals, especially dogs is that this perky dogs can sometimes be hurt by a bigger dog. In most cases, this is a result of a too rough playtime, and not to mention that Pomeranian’s have a tendency to challenge their larger doggy buddies.

In addition, make sure that you don’t like your canine alone for too long, as they are the breed that doesn’t like being alone. Also, make sure that you research what you need to know before you get a dog.

Grooming Your Pomeranian

That fluffiness doesn’t come by itself, and you should make sure that you develop and maintain a good grooming maintenance. Moreover, Pomeranian’s double coat requires a fair share of your time and energy.

That being said, you should know that you will have to deal with brushing that thick coat for at least two to three times per week. Make sure that you have a good brushing tool. The chances are that your Pomeranian is an active dog, so you should make sure to clip his nails regularly.

Also, you should know that a full groom includes:

  • Bathing
  • Brushing ears, nails, and anal glands
  • Regular teeth brushing

Just like with any other breed you should make sure that your Pom’s teeth are regularly washed, or that you provide daily snacks that are appropriate for tooth care. After all, you don’t want your dog to develop anygum disease.

Also, if you are not comfortable with grooming your dog you can always hire a professional to help you with or simply take your Pom to a local groomer.

Luckily, thanks to their small size, Pomeranian’s are easy to groom. Make sure that you brush his coat a few times a week to prevent any tangles or mats.

There are people who claim that Pom’s don’t shed. Sorry to disappoint you, but that’s not the truth. They shed. Luckily, they are small so they don’t shed excessively. However, they are known for shedding significantly. So, if you brush your Pom regularly, shedding shouldn’t be too much of a problem.

Overall, grooming this breed is mandatory like grooming any other breed and you should stick to it, as grooming contributes to general health and physical ability of the dog.

Training Your Pomeranian

Just like other dogs Pomeranian’s are cute and require proper training. So, they should be trained from day one in order to become well-behaved dogs. The first thing that you should bear in mind is that every dog is trainable, even if he already manifests non-desirable habits and behavior.

In order to train your dog properly, you should show practice, love, and socialization. The second thing that should be your focus is house training. Your Pom should know what are the house rules, what areas are off the limits for him, and the most important one – he needs to do what he needs to do outside. Always. And. Forever.

Start Early Training

You can start training your Pom as soon as he steps his little foot under your roof. The third thing that you should know is that training your Pomeranian is like training any other dog. Due to their size and stubbornness to go outside when it’s raining, people have the tendency of training their Pom’s to go inside and to pee on a pee pad or litter box, but you should bear in mind that regardless of his size, every dog should do his business outside. Also, if you teach your dog to do this business inside your dog may be confused and never learn to go outside.

Also, Pom’s should be trained to walk on a leash early on and taught to come when called. The second one is extremely important as people have the tendency of letting them run without a leash, and this dog – being perky as he is, can provoke larger dog easily. Therefore it’s crucial to train him to come to you as soon as he hears his name. Once again, patience and consistency are key here.

Make sure that you treat your Pom as he was a medium or a large dog, and let him do some things just because he is small and fluffy. That being said, make sure that you keep him off from jumping on and off beds or couches.

If you catch your Pom doing so make him go down as he may injure his joints or even break a bone. They excel in canine activities like obedience, rally, and agility, as they are very intelligent and alert. In addition, all those traits are making them great dogs for the elderly or even amazing at working as therapy dogs.


Although Pomeranian’s are healthy dogs overall, they have their share of struggle that is common to small breeds. But don’t let it leave you worried as most Pomeranian’s live long and healthy lives. But, just like many toy dogs, this breed suffers mostly from respiratory problems.

Luxating Patellas

Poms can also have dental issues, and their kneecaps can slip out of place occasionally – this is a condition known as luxating patellas. Therefore, make sure to track your dog’s movement, especially during the running. So, if you notice your dog hopping or limping, make sure that you contact your veterinarian.


Pom’s can suffer from alopecia, as well. Therefore, you should make sure to check canine’s coat. That’s one of the main reasons why grooming is beneficial, it gives you a first-hand opportunity to check your dog’s coat and notice any strange marks or bald patches.

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

Also, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is a hip problem often present in Pom’s life. This condition causes the reduced blood supply to the head of the rear leg bone, which causes it to degrade. The first sign of this disease can be seen as early as in puppies 4th month. The sooner its noticed and caught, the better.

Eyes Problems

Pom’s are known for having common eyes problems. Tear duct problems are common, and cataracts are among the eye conditions that can manifest in this breed.

Genetic Problems

Poms can suffer from a number of genetic problems, including above-mentioned alopacia. However, the list of these issues depends on the breed and on the health of dogs parents and so on. Therefore, it is always important to check with the breeder if necessary tests are done.

If you are getting a puppy from the breeder make sure to ask about the ages of the dogs in his lines and what they died of. Also, bear in mind that regardless of breeder’s best efforts, Mother Nature can mingle in and lead to unplanned diseases.

In addition, if a breeder tells you that no tests were needed because the line is healthy, make sure to easily walk away. However, if you end up with Pomeranian anyway, make sure that you test your dog as soon as possible, and take him to the veterinarian for detailed checks.

Before an Pomeranian can be included in the Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) database, the American Pomeranian Club requires them to deliver certain clearance, such as:

  1. Clearance from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation
  2. Patella (knee) evaluation from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals
  3. OFA cardiac (heart) exam

In addition, a follow-up exam between 3 and 5 years of age is mandatory.

Also, bear in mind that once you bring your Pom you have the full power to protect him from the most spread disease in canine’s circles nowadays, and that’s obesity. Keeping your Pom at an appropriate weight is a great way to, and the easiest one, to extend his life. Healthy dog equals long dog’s life.

Good to know: You can search the CHIC and OFA websites to see if your pup’s parents are listed.

Frequently Asked Questions About Pomeranian’s

1. Do Pomeranian’s Make Good Pets?

Long story short, yes. However, how well pet your Pomeranian will depend on how well you train him and prepare for everyday life situations. In general, they are perky, but friendly dogs. They are also good with children, although they shouldn’t be ever left alone with them as children have the tendency to treat them as toys due to their size.

2. Do Pomeranian Dogs Bark A Lot?

Regardless of their size, these dogs are great at making a presence and telling everyone that they are present. Also, they love being in the center of attention. Therefore, they do bark more often than other breeds. Bear in mind that their hearing is extremely sensitive and they will hear something or someone moving from far behind.

They don’t understand that they are small, and that makes them great guard dogs. So, if you don’t want disturbance barking for a significant amount of time, teach your Pom to be quiet on command.

Good to know: These traits you can also see in Pomeranian mixes, such as Porkie

3. Can You Train A Pomeranian Not To Bark?

Long story short, yes, but it requires time and patience. But, if you are looking for clear guidance on how you can do this, you should do the following:

  • Tell your Pomeranian to be quiet.
  • Wave a treat in front of his nose.
  • He will immediately lick or sniff the treat.
  • Once he is silent give him the treat.
  • Make sure that you praise him and tell him how good boy he is. Speak with him in a baby voice for faster and long-lasting results.

In addition, make sure that you repeat this until your canine memorizes it and start following. This should stop him from barking.

4. Can Pomeranians Be Left Alone?

Simply said, yes, but you shouldn’t do it frequently or for an excessive amount of time. If you have to go to school or to work, it’s natural that you will have to leave your dog home alone. And if your Pomeranian is 8 weeks old and more he will be able to stay home alone for 8 to 9 hours.

But, make sure that you create him a proper alone-at-home surrounding. Make sure that he has enough water, a favorite blanket or a pillow, numerous toys, or a toy filled with treats so he can keep himself busy for a number of hours. But, if you are planning to stay our for more than 8-9 hours find a dog sitter so your Pom can have exercise and fresh air.

5. How Long Can A Pomeranian Hold Its Pee?

This depends if your Pom is a puppy or a grown-up dog. When it comes to puppies they can hold their bladder from one hour to six hours. On the other hand, a full-grown Pomeranian can hold on for up to eight hours.

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