The affectionate and happy Border Terrier was originally bred to assist in foxhunts by driving foxes out of their hiding places and out into the open for the hounds to chase.
Today, they are more great family members who are crazy about their family members. Some may still end up in the care, shelters, or rescues, so consider adoption if you already know that this breed is for you.
Border Terrier Quick Facts
Real name: Border Terrier
Origin: UK – Scotland / England
Breed type: Terrier Dogs
Weight: Male 13–16 lb, (5.9–7.1 kg), Female 11–14 lb, (5.1–6.4 kg)
Height: Male 14.17In-15.74 (36-40cm), Female 11.02In-14.17 (28-36cm)
Lifespan: 12-15 years
Litter Size: 2-8 puppies
Color: Red, wheaten, grizzle and tan, or blue and tan
Coat: Harsh and dense; with close undercoat
Border Terrier History
Near the Scottish-English border, old-time farmers developed agile terriers to help them with everyday tasks. Farmers especially needed help with sheep-stealing predator – the large and powerful hill fox.
This is why farmers need fast and active terriers with legs long enough to run with foxhounds and huntsmen on horseback. On top of that, they had to be small enough to dig into the fox’s lair and force it into the open.
These dogs, who are direct ancestors of today’s Border Terrier, were strong, energetic, and tireless, with weatherproof coat to protect them from the rain.
A breed historian described this breed’s working ability as “There is no wall he cannot get over or wire entanglement he cannot scramble through. Should the fox run to earth, he will bolt him every time, or stay the night in the earth until the matter is settled.”
Early breed names included the Redwater Terrier, Ullswater Terrier, and Coquetdale Terrier, all derived from place names in the north of England where these rugged little dogs plied their trade.
For this breed, the most important place in Northumberland, England’s northernmost county, where the breed earned its enduring reputation as a fox-hunter, adapted perfectly to work with hounds.
Early evidence of the breed includes a 1754 painting by Arthur Wentworth of two Border Terriers.
While the breed was prized in England’s border country for his fearless and implacable nature, the Border Terrier was little known elsewhere.
This breed was the first time noticed in the early 20th century. In 1920, he was recognized by England’s Kennel Club, and a breed club was formed.
The first Border Terrier registered in the United States was Netherbyers Ricky, in 1930. Currently, he ranks 84th among the 193 breeds and varieties registered by the American Kennel Club.
Border Terrier Physical Appearance
Border Terrier is an active terrier of medium bone. The body is covered with a somewhat broken though close-fitting and intensely wiry jacket. The breed’s head is distinctive, and his temperament ideally exemplifies that of a terrier.
Muzzle short, and darker tones are preferred. The nose is of a good size and black, while teeth are strong, with a scissors bite, quite large in proportion to the size of the dog.
The neck is muscular and long enough to give a well-balanced appearance. The body is deep and of sufficient length to avoid any suggestions of lack of range and agility.
Shoulders are well laid back and of good length, while forelegs are straight and not too heavy in bone. The feet are small and compact. Hindquarters are racy and muscular.
The coat is short and dense, covered with a very wiry and, in a way, broken topcoat.
Border Terrier Personality
Border terries are often described as friendly and rarely aggressive dogs. They may occasionally be stubborn because they were bred to hunt, so they are accustomed to having a path of their own.
They do great when they have something to do, like other dogs. For small size dogs, Borders are exceptional jumpers, so make sure that the backyard is well secured. You want to avoid a number of possible accidents. They are excellent in agility training, and they are extremely trainable.
Borders will learn new tricks easily and fast, as long as you provide positive reinforcement. They are intelligent and eager to please, and they are huge people lovers.
Borders are occasionally used to aid the blind or deaf. Borders can adapt to different environments and situations easily, and they are ok with temporary change.
If raised with cats they will be gentle toward feline but may chase other cats and small animals such as birds, mice, rabbits, rats, squirrels, and even guinea pigs.
Therefore, keep your Border on the leash when in the walk, because you will have difficulties catching him.
As mentioned earlier, borders are loyal and independent, while some are known for being territorial and protecting their homes. Don’t let their size fool you. Because they will be ready to fight any stranger stepping into their territory, and they won’t mind being vocal.
They have a strong smell, and can always tell when danger is near. Borders are also great observers, and they love sitting and watching what is going on. Walks with Borders will often involve them sitting and lying in the grass to observe the environment around them.
Border Terrier Training
Just like with any other dog breed, early socialization is crucial when it comes to a well-behaved dog.
It’s important to expose your Border terrier puppy to new people, environments, and smells, once the puppy vaccination is complete of course.
When it comes to training, it’s important to start early, have proper training supplies, and have a lot of patience.
Borders love spending time outdoors. This is a small-size dog, but he will need two hours per day of physical activity. That time can be used for fun training sessions.
This breed may show stubbornness, but positive reinforcement and well-planned training should keep your Border active and eager to please.
Always use only positive reinforcement, and never aim to break the dog’s spirit.
Also, if you want a dog who will listen to 100% don’t get Border Terrier, because he has a personality of his own, just like humans do. Don’t forget that this breed can’t resist a chase and should only be off-leash in securely fenced areas.
Border Terrier Exercise
People usually believe that small-size dogs are couch potatoes. In reality, they are very active, and they need plenty of exercise daily.
Perfect outdoor time for your Border terrier would be between one to two hours, but a brisk half-hour walk or even better play session should be enough to keep a Border healthy and happy.
If you don’t have enough time for longer walks, think about hiring a dog walker. Because of their instinct to chase small animals, a Border Terrier must always be walked on a leash.
Due to the same instinct, the training sessions would take place inside a fenced-in yard or another secure area. This breed is known for lowing to dig. Since they are diggers, ideally, any backyard fencing will extend underground for at least 18 inches.
They also love dog sports, and are happy to participate in tracking, agility, earth dog, and lure coursing, and even flyball.
Border Terrier Grooming
The Border Terrier has a double coat: a hard, wiry outer coat over a soft, fluffy undercoat. This coat means that you can expect seasonally shedding.
A quick brushing every week or two should be enough to keep the coat in good shape.
During shedding season, you should invest a half-hour or so every day stripping out the dead hair, either with hands or with a stripping tool.
If your Border gets dirty, he will be easily cleaned up with a towel and a brush. Always bear in mind that dogs don’t need to frequent baths as humans do.
Nails should be trimmed regularly, and gums checked every week. Dogs’ teeth are a mirror of their health, so provide food that promotes teeth healthy.
Have proper grooming tools on hand and if you need extra help when it comes to grooming, think about professional groomer.
Border Terrier Health
Overall, the Border Terrier is a healthy breed.
Responsible breeders will always screen breeding stock for health conditions such as hip dysplasia, heart problems, allergies, retinal atrophy, and even juvenile cataracts. Moreover, they will show you the documents.
You should be careful during the hot days. Some Borders are less tolerant of hot weather, and its a base for a possible heatstroke. To avoid this situation and similar, outdoor exercise should be kept to a minimum when the temperature gets above 85 degrees F.
The Bottom Line
Border Terriers are friendly, little dogs with cute faces and a big heart. They love being surrounded by their people, and they enjoy every outdoor minute.
Although they were working dogs for centuries, today they are true companions. Still, they don’t lapdogs, because they won’t fear anything or anyone to defend what’s theirs. Don’t forget that this is a TERRIER!
If you are ready to invest your time to provide your Border enough exercise, high-quality food, and a huge amount of love, next to health support, you may welcome Border Terrier into your home.