By many owners, Maltese Terrier is described as gentle, charming, and playful.
This breed has a lively spirit and gets along great, both with children and other pets. Here is everything you should know about this wonderful breed.
Real name: Maltese
Other names: Sleeve Dog
Breed type: Toy Group
Weight: Male 1.4–3.6 kg (3–8 lb), Female 0.91–3.18 kg (2–7 lb)
Height: Male 20–25 cm (8–10 in), Female 20–23 cm (8–9 in)
Lifespan: 12 to 15 years
Litter size: avg. 1 to 3 puppies
Coat: Long and silky
Maltese Terrier History
The Maltese dog is one of the oldest toy breeds, with a history that can be traced back at least two millennia. This dog is immortalized in the early great cultures of Rome, Egypt, and Greece.
Even Aristotle mentions this breed is his documents. The Greeks also erected tombs for their Maltese dogs, while Egyptians believed that these small dogs have the power to cure people.
To help people feel better, they would put a Maltese on the pillow of an ill person. This is why the breed is often called – “The Comforter.”
Many believe that this breed originated in Malta, bt the origin is still unknown in reality.
By the 15th century, the Maltese Terrier was the most popular dog between French aristocrats.
By the end of the 16th century, every lady has a Maltese Terrier on their side. This playful dog was a favorite of Queen Elizabeth I, Queen Victoria, and Mary Queen of Scots.
Also, numerous painters included these small dogs in portraits, such as Goya and Sir Joshua Reynolds.
This breed was almost destroyed in the 17th and 18th centuries when various attempts were made to breed him to be the size of a squirrel.
After this horrible experiment, breeders mixed poodles, miniature spaniels, and even East Asian miniature dogs with the breed to save it.
This resulted in the Maltese becoming so varied that several new breeds were formed.
English breeders developed the Maltese as we know him now. The number of these small dogs grew slowly until the 1950s, and since then, the breed has become quite popular.
Today, Maltese is one of the most popular dogs. They are often seen at a dog show, and commonly, they win the Toy Group. They also have an excellent record in the “Best in Show” competition.
Maltese Terrier Physical Appearance
This toy dog is covered with white and silky hair. Unless they are groomed short, they will always appear with a long and silky, also white, hair.
This dog is eager, affectionate, and active. Moreover, this breed has a strong need to be loved all the time, so they will be a sturdy companion as long as they get enough love, affection, and playtime. These dogs are small.
Usually, the weight under 7 pounds, with from 4 to 6 pounds preferred. The Head is in proportion with the size of the dog.
The skull is rounded on top, while the drop ears are set low and heavily feathered.
Eyes are very dark and round, while the nose is black. The teeth meet in an even, edge-to-edge bite, or in a scissors bite. The body is compact, as this breed usually weighs no more than seven pounds at maturity.
Still, four to six pounds are preferred. Females are slightly smaller than males.
This is a dog with a lively personality and strong posture. This dog will make a fair stand, and his deep chest will help him in a strong appearance. Since this is a compact dog, legs are fine-boned and robust.
Plus, legs are nicely feathered. Als, hind legs are strong, while feet are small and round. This breed has no undercoat, while the coat is silky, flat, and long unless groomed to be short.
Color is always pure white, while the lemon or light tan on the ears is allowed, but not desirable. A long-haired plume carried gracefully over the back, its tip lying to the side over the quarter.
Maltese Terrier Nutrition
The Maltese should do well on high-quality dog food. If you choose to feed your Maltese or raw food, talk with your veterinarian. Dog’s diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age.
You should never feed a puppy with senior’s food and vice versa. Some dogs are prone to obesity, so make sure that you don’t overdo with treats and human foods.
Make sure that you know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not.
If you have any concerns about the dog’s diet and food, always talk with your veterinarian.
Maltese Terrier Temperament
The Maltese has a lively personality and loves pleasing people. They respond well to interesting training sessions, and they always respond well to positive reinforcements such as play, praise, and food rewards.
In a way, they are fearless, because they strongly believe that everyone they meet – human or animal – is a friend.
They are sweet and cute, and they are globally known for getting their way.
As expected, their temperament can be affected by some factors, including training, socialization, and heredity.
Maltese puppies are like any other puppies, and they love to explore the world and to play.
They are also willing to approach people often, and they don’t even mind being held. They have a rather dynamic personality while they are active and full of energy.
This may be unusual for a small dog, but you will have to keep up with your small canine. They also love to rest.
So, longer the walk, longer the rest. Regular walks are a great routine for your Maltese to stay fit throughout life.
They are great family pets, as they will get along with other pets and children nicely. They are faithful and even great guard dogs because they have a tendency to bark a lot.
So, barking can be an issue if not trained at the right time. Although they will get along nicely with other pets, they love being the primary pet.
Since they are small in size, this breed can be a great city dog, because they can fit in smaller apartments and big houses.
They love to spend time indoors, so make sure that you always have a bowl of fresh water for your Maltese easy to reach.
Maltese Terrier Training
The lovely Maltese is a highly intelligent dog, and as such, he will need serious training and fun training sessions. This breed is known as humans so well, that Maltese is not bored.
It’s also important to be patient with this breed. These small athletic dogs are great competitive companions in dog sports, such as agility or obedience. They can be stubborn and determined, but they will respond well to positive training methods.
Like with any other dog breed, you should expose your Maltese from an early age to different places, sounds, and smells. Early socialization is the only way to ensure that you have a properly behaved dog.
Maltese Terrier Exercise
This small white dog is full of energy.
Still, to keep up with that energy, you will need proper and consistent exercise time. Providing adequate exercise time is the best way to keep your dog both happy and healthy.
Provide daily walks and playtime, even indoor games to keep them fit.
Maltese Terrier Grooming
The popular Maltese has silk and long coat (unless shortened), which makes the appearance eye-catching. This beauty requires your time when it comes to grooming.
This coat requires daily gentle brushing and combing to prevent tangles and mats.
Also, Maltese should have regular baths and coats to keep their hair looking its best. Check ears weekly and remove any excess wax or hair, as well as accumulated debris.
Malteses are prone to dental disease as they get older, so special attention should be put to their teeth.
Check gums weekly, and if you notice excessive tear-staining around the eyes, you should take your Maltese for a quick check-up. Your veterinarian will explain to you how to maintain the area around.
Maltese Terrier Health
The Maltese is a healthy breed and usually will live long. Responsible breeders will always check the breed for health conditions such as heart anomalies, and they will present you with papers.
It is recommended that Maltese puppies be bile-acid tested to rule out congenital liver issues such as liver shunt and microvascular dysplasia (MVD).
There are some reports of incidents of Maltese developing encephalitis (aka as GME).
However, there are still no available tests on this issue so far.
As in all toy breeds, dental health is essential, and Maltese should have their teeth brushed daily with a specially designed dog toothpaste. Of course, regular veterinarian check-ups are mandatory.
Recommended Health Test for Maltese Terrier
- Cardiac Exam
- Patella Evaluation
The Bottom Line
This small dog is a mix of Maltese and Terrier parents. This dog is bred by the crossing of a Maltese breed with a terrier of any breed. This breed is easy to coexist with, next to being fun and energetic.
This is an excellent dog for people who love to spend time outdoors, but they don’t mind being indoors as well.
If you are ready to welcome a dog who is active and will demand your attention, then Maltese Terrier just might be for you.