How Many Litters Can A Dog Have?

So, you're thinking about breeding or have already bred your dog once and now you want to know the dynamics that come after that first litter of puppies. Read on and discover everything you need to know about the optimal frequency of breeding.

best age to breed female dog

When talking about breeding, the number of times and how often can you breed your dog, you should be aware that they all depend on several factors.

Breeding a dog can be a healthy process that helps your dog lead an even healthier life and improve its growth. But, if done unadvisedly it could bring health risks and affect your dog’s overall health.

Apart from the topic we will describe thoroughly today, you should also inform yourself on when is the best time to breed your female dog, or your male dog too.

In this article, we will discuss all of them, and help you determine what intensity of breeding could be optimal for your dog.

So, let’s start!

Before Breeding

Before providing you with all the answers to the “How many litters of puppies can a dog have in a lifetime?” question, we have to mention some important things first.

In order to ensure that both your dog and its litter will be healthy, you have to make sure that some aspects are fulfilled before you get into breeding your dog.

Ensuring that the offsprings about to be born will get the best set of genes is, of course, highly connected to their parents and their overall health.

Being a responsible pet owner and breeder means bringing your dog to regular vet checks and making sure your pet has good diet and exercise routines. Therefore, it’s very important that you keep good care of your loyal pal much before you start thinking about breeding.

Health

The absolute criteria for breeding, no matter if your dog is a male or a female, is optimal overall health. In order to be a good mother, a female dog has to be fit, healthy and able to carry a litter of pups.

On the other hand, future stud’s reputation and success in mating also depend majorly on their health. Poor health or exercise could also lead to infertility which, as you can guess, means that there will be no successful mating for your dog.

Remember that the routines in your dog’s diet and exercise influence their genes. So, as long as you keep your dog fit and healthy, it should be a good candidate for breeding. BUT, there’s another condition that highly influences the success of the mating outcome.

Sexual Maturity

Noticing the first signs of sexual maturity doesn’t mean your dog is ready to breed. The right time to start mating your female or male dog depends on several factors such as breed, size, sex, and health. Inform yourself on the right time for starting to think about mating your dog.

However, when it comes to female dogs, most people agree that it’s best to wait until the second heat cycle. Others believe that even the first heat cycle isn’t harmful to the bitch, so, the wisest thing to do is to wait until your dog has reached its adult size and consult your vet on her preparedness for the breeding process.

Meanwhile, male dogs become sexually mature at an earlier age. But this doesn’t mean that they should mate right away. Although in some breeds male dogs will be able to impregnate a female as early as 5-months old, that isn’t when your dog should start breeding. That’s because the optimal quality of the sperm is reached only after the stud reaches the average age of 1 to 1.5 years.

How Many Times Can You Breed A Male Dog?

When it comes to breeding a male dog, the number of times that the breeding can occur is unlimited. Generally speaking, it’s really up to owners to decide how many times they want to breed their stud.

As long as they’re in good health, male dogs can produce high-quality sperm throughout their entire lifespan and even in older age. The only requirements that have to be met in order to breed your stud responsibly, are to wait until it develops to its breed’s adult size and to rule out any health-related issues that might occur when your dog is fully grown.

So, as a male dog owner, you will have to do a sperm and fertility check as well as the overall health check at the vet in order to start breeding. Make sure your dog is healthy and you can start breeding.

How Often Can You Breed A Male Dog?

Although some people have reported that their male has mated 5 times in a single day, this doesn’t really seem like a good idea.

Planning the frequency of male dog breeding is very important and here’s why.

Good quality sperm is ensured by sperm checks. When this occurs the sperm has to be collected for several days in order to get accurate results. Your vet will guide you through the proper process based on your dog’s breed and age. The quality of sperm, of course, affects the results and the success rates of impregnation.

But, to ensure a successful impregnation, good quality is not enough. The amount of time between the ejaculations is also important in order to achieve the best results and increase the success rates of siring. So, typically breeding once a day for 3 days in a row or every other day until the three breedings are reached should be a good way to start.

So once again, the frequency of breeding in male dogs is much more flexible than it is the case for females. However, do not exceed 5 days in a row as your stud might be exhausted and run out of sperm. Also, do you know how many times can a male dog mate in a day? When it comes to this question you need to understand that one breeding done at right days is likely to produce a litter. But, if you allow the animals to mate more than once a day it will tire them out. This can even lead to reducing the male’s sperm. Canine sperm lives for a few days after mating and can still fertilize eggs.

Also you should know the right time when to stop breeding your stud.

How Many Times Can You Breed A Female Dog?

Unlike their male pals, female dogs can’t be bred that much. So, how many litters can a dog have? The optimal number of litters a bitch can carry is around 3 to 4 litters, depending on the number and size of the litter, as well as her overall health and recovery process in between pregnancies.

The breeding frequency, in this case, is influenced by female dog’s heat cycles and the optimal amount of recovery time that has to pass between each mating. It is very important not to exceed the maximum of 4 litters during a female’s lifetime because it can influence her health and may even shorten her life.

Anyway, what is valid for both females and males is that in order to have healthy offspring, it is very important to keep them fit and in good health.

How Often Can You Breed A Female Dog?

People often think about how many times can a dog get pregnant, without thinking the consequences. When it comes to females, the right question is “How often is it safe for a female dog to have puppies“?

In terms of biology and how female dogs are made, a healthy dog could be able to litter at every heat. This is indeed true, but shouldn’t be followed and here’s why.

While mating might not be such a problem, in the end, the gestation and nursing period is what takes out a lot of energy from female dogs. With each whelping, females give birth to many pups at once and have to return their body to a previous state by regrowing parts of their uterus and recovering the muscle tone that decreased during pregnancy.

After the whelping comes the nursing which doesn’t make the recovery easier. It is actually what exhausts the female the most, especially once the puppies grow. So even if your female goes into heat maybe a few months after giving birth, it would be quite cruel to presume she could handle another pregnancy.

While there’s a debate about how long you should wait between pregnancies, we think waiting an extended healing time is definitely the best way to ensure that your female stays happy and to cut the risks of damaging her overall health.

best age to breed female dog

Most owners have seen that their bitches lose fur and their muscle tone while nursing. So, even from the breed show point of view, not waiting enough between pregnancies won’t really give expected results. Female dogs that win the most usually have no more than 3-4 litters in their lifetime and have enough recovery after nursing. Additionally, your female can’t get a title if she had a litter in the past 6 months to 1 year.

So, the answer to this question is that the safe frequency of breeding a female dog is only every 18 months to 2 years. Breeding your female once a year is probably a bad idea.

Responsible breeders don’t think about how many litters can a dog have in a year, but how well their dogs do during and after the pregnancy. Dogs health always comes first, because she will need strong overall health and a peacefull recovery process in between pregnancies.

In addition, people always ask us how many times should a dog mate to get pregnant. Well, two dogs will only become tied if the male’s knot gets fully inside of the female. If it does not, he may even tie outside, although this is not crucial for pregnancy. Unlike most mammals, canines ejaculate the entire time they have an erection.

But, canine’s semen is extremely watery and easily leaves the female’s reproductive tract. This is more common in she is sitting or clean herself. For this reason, it’s important for two dogs to tied up so the breeding can be successful. For this reason, it’s the best when they are tied upstanding, so the male’s sperm can easily travel up through the cervix and have a high chance to fertilize the female’s eggs.

That being said, the best is to let the dogs mate on more than one day. Female will be appealing to males before her true fertile period begins. In general, when one is paying a stud fee to a breeder, the dogs will tie multiple times. After all, the breeder wants to be fair and the female dog’s owner wants to be sure that they will get the puppies they paid for.

Dog Mating Twice On Same Day

When you are stepping into the world of breeding it’s important to understand it’s main parts. Therefore, it’s crucial to understand how many times you can actually breed a male or a female dog and how often. Moreover, you need to know if you can breed male or female twice on the same day. So, can a dog mate twice on the same day? Long story short, yes. But, should you allow it is another story. If you are mating your dog in the right period, one breeding should be enough to produce a litter. However, if you allow canines you can expect different outcomes:

  • For males: the male dog will be tired and the amount of his sperm will be significantly reduced. However, canine sperm lives for a few days after mating and can still fertilize eggs. But, it’s still of an exception than a rule.
  • For females: a female dog comes into heat twice a year. So, if you are thinking about how many times should a dog mate to get pregnant the right answer would be – once during the heat cycle. But this is also the period when you need to be extra careful and to plan matting.

    That being said, you need to pair your bitch with only one dog. Why? Dogs can easily get pregnant by two dogs. This is possible because sperm can remain viable in the female reproductive tract for seven days, and female doesn’t have to ovulate necessarily on the day she is mated to fall pregnant. So, if different males mate with the female on different days, she can easily fall pregnant by both of them.

    What’s The Shortest Recommended Time For Recovery Between Pregnancies?

    In some countries (such as Finland) you have to wait at least 10 months before you can breed a female dog again. And while waiting for about a year in between the pregnancies might seem like a fairly long period of recovery, you shouldn’t decide on it before thoroughly consulting your vet.

    The recovery time does not only affect positively the mother, but it also ensures that the next litter of puppies will be in good health and born safely.

    Back-to-back Breeding

    However, some breeders choose back-to-back breeding and a lot of people still discuss the benefits and risks that this way of breeding might bring.

    While we think that a constant back-to-back breeding is definitely not a good way to treat your dog, some dog owners say that their female dogs are completely fine and healthy with breeding litters back-to-back two times in a row, having a recovery of one or two heat cycles and another round of back-to-back litters.

    Your dog’s and its litter’s health are in your hands. So before deciding on breeding your pup, think about all the aspects, consult your vet and start acting only after.

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4 comments

  • Donas

    I’ve seen females that whelped over 10 litters and lived over 12 years. I was told by a vet that it’s actually better on the gyp to be bred back to back until you’ve reached the desired amount of litters and then spay her. He said that litters after skipped heat cycles are harder on the gyp because the wound and birth canal have time to heal up tighter and it’s not naturally for dogs to skip heats which makes sense because wolves don’t skip heats or any other animal naturally.

  • Sara Higbee

    At what age should you quit breeding your female pug? I know they shouldn’t have more than 4 litters. But what age is too old?

  • Mark Andrew Williams

    How many times can I breed my female Shih Tzu dog

    • Kristina - Barking Royalty Team

      Hey Mark,

      Ideally, female dogs shouldn’t have litter more than 3-4 times in their lifetime.