Basenji – The Ultimate Guide To The African Barkless Dog
Basenji is a highly intelligent and active dog that can climb trees. Yes, climb trees! This dog is known as the "barkless" dog, originally from Africa. Basenji is known for keen eyesight and excellent sense of smell. Discover everything there’s to know about this interesting hunting dog and read on!
A Basenji, also known as “barkless” dog, is a dog with a short coat, small and muscular body, and with a tail curled tightly over one hip. He is an in-house dog, with high intelligence that requires a lot of your time and exercises. But, is this dog breed for everyone? Can it be with other pets and left alone?
Learn more about this interesting bread and discover if a Basenji is the right dog for you!
Real name: Basenji
Other names: Barkless Dog
Breed type: Hound Dogs
Weight: 9-11 kg (22 to 24 pounds)
Height: female 16 inches, male 17 inches
Lifespan: 10 – 12 years
Color: Chestnut red, pure black, tricolour (pure black and chestnut red), or brindle
Coat: Short, soft coat
This excellent watchdog was discovered in the region of Congo, somewhere in the 19th century. Basenjis were used to helping, to carry goods, the flush game into nets, and to warn people on other animals. As a hunting breed, they were extremely independent and active. Interestingly, some tribes across Africa valued Basenji more than a wife, pointing out their hunting skills and ingenuity and resourcefulness.
Originally, first Basenjis were red and white, tricolour, and black and white.
People who loved the traits of this breed back in the 19th century wanted to take the breed to Europe and the United States. However, many attempts failed mostly because imported dogs died shortly after arrival. Finally, after numerous attempts, the first successful importation happened in the 1930s in both, England and the United States.
Like a hound dog, they learned how to be quiet as early people preferred quiet dogs during the hunt. Although this bread is well known as a barkless dog, it doesn’t mean that they do not bark. Barkless part means that, just like their far and distant relative wild wolf, Basenji barks only once and then is silent.
There is also a firm belief that Basenji is only partially domesticated, due to their live nature. Also, Basenji is one of the oldest breeds of domesticated dogs and it may be one of the reasons why they are so quiet.
This African breed got its first club in America in 1942, named The Basenji Club of America, while the American Kennel Club (AKC) acknowledged the breed in 1943 and registered the first Basenji in 1944. Basenji hound remains beloved but rare, ranking 84th among 155 breeds that are recognized by AKC.
Basenji may be a small breed in size, but don’t be fooled by his, because what Basenji lacks in size, he makes up for in unique personality!
On average Basenji, weight ranges from 22 to 24 pounds while the height is around 16 to 17 inches. They are known for extremely expressive face and compact body, making the run smooth and fast. Famous curled tail is their recognizable sign.
Apart from the obvious resemblance to the wolf and wolfdogs, these dogs have some physical traits similar to other hunting dogs, with a strong and muscular body. They are bigger than Basset Hound and smaller than an Azawakh.
What sets these dogs apart in their hunting breed family is their keen eyesight and extraordinary sense of smell. Furthermore, their bodies are muscle and well-developed.
Their ears are vertical, and softly wrinkled forehead makes them look worried all the time, although they’re really not. Most of Basenjis come in shades of red, black, brown or brindle.
Temperament and Personality
Before everything else, you need to understand that Basenji is a hound st first place. What does it mean actually? It means that your dog is highly intelligent and independent above every average.
However, intelligence in a combo with independence means that Basenji is a highly alert dog. He will chase whatever he sees that moves – from rabbits to cats. This is not the kind of dog who will obey you instantly. He needs to think what’s in it for him to obey you, and to decide it wants to do what you want.
Although you may not hear him barking often, when it happens you will be surprised every time to their yodel sound. This often funny noise with Basenjis cat-like traces and behaviours is one of the unique traits of their personality.
This dog is truly a cat-like when it comes to maintaining its coat, and you will have occasionally a feeling that you have a feline friend and not a haunt breed.
Basenjis are truly stubborn so proper socialization on time with this breed is crucial. This dog is extremely loving with family members and children which makes him a very friendly and playful family dog.
Well-socialized Basenji should get nicely with other household dogs, but you still should keep your dog on sight when its with other dogs and especially strangers. Furthermore, Basenji may not get on well in unfamiliar and adverse environments if he’s not properly socialized.
Humour is a must if your furry friend is Basenji, because he will chew up or slightly eat everything you leave around, and he is indeed capable of creating a plan of how to re-decorate your place. And if you keep doggie treats in a jar on the counter, he will think hard on the best way to grab them – either to jump on the kitchen counter or something else.
If you have other dogs they should get along nicely, but if you have a cat or other small animals your Basenji shouldn’t be trusted and left alone with them unless he’s raised with them and sees them as family members. Bear in mind that the same rules do not apply to small animals and cats seen outdoors.
Some breeds and brush-and-go-dogs, and luckily for your Basenji is one of them. Basenjis hair is fine, soft, short and odorless that doesn’t shed much. Basenjis breeders often refer to these dogs as cat-like, as they do a great deal of cleaning by them self. That self-maintenance moments include a great deal of licking and silence. He barely needs a bath.
Fun fact: Basenjis like climbing up onto high places. Being cat-like and looking upon their kingdom much, no?
Basenji grooming is rather easy. A quick brushing with a soft brush once a week is enough. If you or any of your family members struggle with any sort of allergies, this dog is a great choice for anyone who suffers from any kind of allergies. Basenji is not a hypoallergenic dog, but its breed produces less allergy-inducing dander than numerous breeds.
The rest of the grooming is basic care. Spare a few minutes a week or two to trim the nails, brush the teeth frequently and have regular ears cleaning.
Like any other dog, Basenji needs training and early socialization. Especially when a dog has so determined mind as Basenji has. Early socialization and exposure to different sounds, experiences, sights and different people when Basenji is young are crucial in making your hound breed a well-rounded dog.
Arm yourself with extra patience because this active dog with tons of energy requires it.
- Make training sessions short and limit them from 5 to 10 minutes
- Use praise, play and food rewards. Include your dog’s favourite candy
- Be consistent
- Create interesting training sessions, because if your Basenji hears something more interesting he is gone
- Create a daily routine of long walks, alone or with doggy friends
This is the type of dog that needs a lot of exercises and running. Always bear in mind that Basenji is an extremely active breed, hardly pressing off button, especially in youth. Therefore, regular and plentiful activity is essential to keep your dog from becoming bored or even destructive.
A large fenced backyard would be your best support for your active dog. He would love being outside most of the day and do what doggies do the best. But it doesn’t mean that he would sleep outside, alone and left with a bowl of food and water.
Basenjis are part of a family and they see themselves as a part of your family’s pack, so use that devotion during your training sessions as you shower your Basenji with affection and love. And some exclusive sweets.
If you have kids, let them spend a lot of time together. They will spend that time wearing each other out. Even on hot days.
This dog origins from Africa and it’s in their nature to be fine on hot, while the rain is not seen as a friend and you’ll see a lot of grumpy faces when it rains and you’re walking. The only day to see your dog being happy for being wet is on an extraordinarily hot day.
Your active dog runs fast. Bear in mind that if your Basenji takes off the leash, you will not catch him, be assured.
Important: Do not leave your dog without supervision in a backyard, because this a feline-like spirit may use a chain link as a ladder easily.
Just like humans, dogs have a tendency to develop genetic health problems or to inherit it. Therefore, some daily regular actions should be taken into consideration in order to have a long and healthy life, such as daily and long walks, proper nutrition and preventive measures.
Lifespan for Basenji is between 12 to 14 years. Overall, Basenji is considered a healthy breed. However, there are few inheritable health issues that owners should just be aware of. Some of those issues may be:
- Liver issues
- Retinal Atrophy
- Fanconi Syndrome
- Immunoproliferative systemic intestinal disease
- Environmental chemical sensitivities
When you’re getting a puppy from a breeder you should be informed about your’s pup health condition. A breeder should also provide you with proper certificates. Also, you can do health screening by yourself. Remember that “vet checked” doesn’t stand for general health testing. The main benefit of early health screening is the avoidance of any inherited issues.
Good to know: You can get immediate insight into your’s puppy health by checking CHIC’s database to see if a breeder run all the tests.
Basenji is an active dog that runs a lot, so having a regular look on his hips is mandatory.
A healthy dog is a 24/7 job and your role is crucial in protecting him from one of the most spread health problems: obesity. Keep your dog weight in the balance as it’s one of the easiest ways to extend his life.
Do as much as you can to prevent what you can and to ensure a healthier life for your dog. Stay informed on possible dogs health problems.
Basenji in a Nutshell
If you’re about to get a Basenji you need to take all stated above and think hard if your lifestyle fits the needs of this breed. Basenji is definitely your type of dog if:
- You don’t mind having a dog that doesn’t bark a lot, but when it yodels the sound doesn’t bother you
- You want a dog that is small but at the same time is strong and fast
- You love taking long walks or jogging
- You love playing different games with your dog and don’t mind changing them often
- You love intelligent and independent dogs
Basenjis are in the first place active dogs. Next, to it, they are an intelligent and highly demanding dog. They want your attention for a fair amount of time and your love 24/7.
Furthermore, they are affectionate and loving dogs who will build easily a strong bond with you and your family. Basenji is not a one-person dog so if you have kids he will probably follow them all the time and everywhere.
Basenjis are high alert dogs, not guarding so you will have a warning of someone going around the place in a blink of an eye.
This breed must be trained well and socialized early. They get easily bored and their behaviour in those cases can be quite destructive if left alone. Also, they are a great escape artist, they can even climb the tree, so if you are for fair portion humour and a lot of walking, this is just the right dog for you.